Ananda monastery, (near) Mainamati, Chittagong Division, BD

Raw data

"Mainamati once known as 'Samatata' denotes a land lying almost even with the sea-level. An isolated eleven mile long spur of dimpled low hill range known as the Mainamati Lalmai range runs through the middle of Comilla district from north to south. Excavation on this range has revealed over 50 ancient sites dotting the hills, mostly containing various types of Buddhist remains of the 8th to 12th centuries A.D. Excavations at a number of sites, locally known as Salban Vihara, Kutila Mura, Ananda Rajar Badi, Charpatra Mura, Mainamati Ranir Badi from 1955 till todate, besides exposing many Buddhist monasteries, temples and stupas, have also yielded a rich collection of stones and bronze sculptures of various gods and goddesses, coins, reliquaries, royal copper plate grants, terracotta plaques, jewellery, pots and pans and other miscellaneous objects of daily use which eloquently speak of the glorious cultural attainments of the period.
Salban Vihara is an extensive centre of Buddhist culture of 8th to 12th century. The attractions include Buddhist Vihara (monastery) with imposing central shrine, Kotila Mura, another Buddhist establishment 5 km. north of Salban Vihara."

"About three miles (five km) north of Salban Vihara, is a unique group of Buddhist brick monuments known as the Kutila Mura. They consist of three stupas, possibly representing the Buddhist trinity or three jewels Buddha, Dharma and Sangha. The Charpatra Mura is about two miles to the northwest, and several of its important finds can be seen in the museum. The largest of the ridge sites, the Ananda Vihara, another Buddhist monastery, is only about a half-mile away. It probably derives its name from Anandadeva, the third and greatest ruler of the early Deva Dynasty. All these sites are out of bounds unless prior permission is received from the army."

Input by: tmciolek, Aug 20, 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 20 Aug 2009

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Ananda monastery, BD.

General location of the Ananda monastery, BD.
lat=23.5383 long=91.076
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20BD)&ll=23.5383,91.076&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Ananda monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Bangladesh:Chittagong Division

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Estimated from Salban coords (lat=23.4962 long=91.1072 - tmc, 20 Aug 2009) AND the approximate Charpatra Mura's coords, which is close to Ananda monastery, are Lat: 23.5383 Long 91.076 - tmc, 20 Aug 2009.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • The nearby Salban monastery.

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0700-32p 0733-66p 0767-99c - tmciolek 12 Dec 2012
  • 0700-32p 0733-66p 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32p 1133-66p 1167-99p dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data].

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag: 1100-32p 1133-66p 1167-99p - tmciolek 12 Dec 2012

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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