Andarab monastery, (in) Banow, Velayat-e Baghlan, AF

Raw data

[Xuanzang on his return journey] "observed that the few monks in Andar-ab (Tu-ho-lo country, Tukharistan), followed the Mahasanghika school of the Hinayana." - Krishan (1996:83)

"At Andarab in Afghanistan and its neighbouring places there were also some followers of this [Sarvastivada] school." - Dutt (1998:62)

"At Andarab, which was three days of journey from the country of the Wardaks, Yuan Chwang [=Xuanzang] found the adherents of this school [Mahasanghika] school in three monasteries." - Dutt (1998:63)

Tu-ho-lo or Tukharistan - the lands between the city of Balkh and the Badakshan region, the latter being an area containing the settlements of Faizabad, Jurm, Barak, Azarat Said, Sar-i-Sang & Iskazr - (Herrmann 1968:22-23)

"Andarab, a country through which Hsuan-tsang passed, north of Kapisa [= Bagram - tmc]". (Soothill 1937:211)

Another geographical possibility: Xuanzang might have visited (instead) a place in Tajikistan, namely:
Andarob, Tajikistan Page
Other names: Andarab,Anderob,Akderob
World:Tajikistan:(( Kulyabskaya Oblast' ))
Lat 37.2500 Long 71.4833

Input by: tmciolek, Jul 5, 2010

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 17 Sep 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Andarab monastery, AF.

General location of the Andarab monastery, AF.
Lat 35.6344 Long 69.2594
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2010.

Google Map link:,%20AF)&ll=35.6344,69.2594&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Andarab monastery - Dutt (1998:63)

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Afghanistan:Velayat-e Baghlan

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • Andar-ab monastery - Krishan (1996:83)

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada - Krishan (1996:83)

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • Some followers of Sarvastivada school." - Dutt (1998:62)
  • Mahasanghika - Krishan (1996:83)

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • Active in the 7th c. AD, at the times of Xuanzang
  • The monastery was visited by Xuanzang [596 or 602 – 664)] - Krishan (1996:83), Dutt (1998:63)
  • MBM chrono-tag 0600-32p 0633-66c 0667-99p dated-x - tmciolek 18 Dec 2012

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • pilgrim account

16. Additional notes

  • 7 century AD - 3 monasteries

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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