Arghyakavarati monastery, (near) Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, IN

Raw data

"THE BHAUMAKARAS - The Sailodbhava Kingdom was osccupied by the Bhauma king Unmattasimha alias Sivakaradeva I who started the Bhauma era in 736 A.D. […] He was succeeded by his son Subhakaradeva I who was also a Buddhist by faith. […] It is known from a Chinese record that in 795 A.D. he sent to the Chinese emperor Te-Tsang, a copy of Avatansaka along with an autographed letter.
Subhakara I was succeeded by his son Sivakaradeva II who was also a Buddhist ruler. His queen Mohini Devi probably built the Mohini temple at Bhubaneswar. After Sivakara II his brother Santikara I also known as Gayada I came to the throne. During his time the Ganesh Gumpha of Udayagiri in Khandagiri-Udayagiri hill complex was remodeled by a physician named Bhimata, son of Nannata who also built a monastery called Arghyakavarati at Dhauli hill."

"Flanking the southern banks of the river Daya, and eight km from Bhubaneswar are the historic plains of Dhauli that were witness to some of the goriest battles fought in Orissa. The Kalinga War in 261 B.C. proved to be a turning point in not just Indian history, but also in the way people lived and believed in regions beyond the borders.
[…] Excavations at Dhauli have revealed a treasure trove of artifacts which suggest a sophisticated urban settlement dating back to the 3rd century B.C. The Dhauli Hill, also known as the Surabha Hill, is a series of small hills enclosing many rock-cut monuments."

"Dhauli Hill is located on the banks of the river Daya, about 8 km south of Bhubaneswar. In 3rd century BC, the Buddhists of Kalinga built a monastery at Dhauli, called Saddharma, the historical site where Emperor Ashoka converted to Buddhism. You may climb to the top of the hill for a great view of the city, including the river Daya, which is said to be red in colour owing to the bloodshed that took place during the Kalinga war."

Input by: tmciolek, Jan 14, 2010

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 23 Dec 2012

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Arghyakavarati monastery, IN.

General location of the Arghyakavarati monastery, IN.
Lat 20.1921 Long 85.8400
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=20.1921,85.8400&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Arghyakavarati monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Orissa

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 20.1921 Long 85.8400 - visual identification of the site in - tmc 14 Jan 2010.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag 0667-99p 0700-32p 0733-66p - tmciolek 23 Dec 2012
  • 0667-99p 0700-32p 0733-66p dated-e

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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