Folung monastery, (near) Tiantai/Chengguan, Zhejiang, CN

Raw data

Hsiu-ch'an-ssu [修禅寺] (PY Xiuchansi; Jpn Shuzen-ji) - Also known as Fo-lung-ssu. A temple of the T'ient'ai school on Mount T'ient'ai in China. It was originally Fo-lung Monastery, founded by T'ient'ai in 575. Emperor Hsüan of the Ch'en dynasty supported the monastery and named it Hsiu-ch'an-ssu in 578. A part of this temple was destroyed in 845 during the nationwide suppression of Buddhism initiated by Emperor Wu-tsung of the T'ang dynasty, but was rebuilt in 867. The temple is no longer in existence.

"Hsing-man [行満] (n.d.) (PY Xingman; Jpn Gyoman) - A priest of the T'ient'ai school in China during the eighth and ninth centuries. He studied T'ient'ai's three major works under Miao-lo. After Miao-lo's death in 782, he lived at Fo-lung Monastery on Mount T'ient'ai. When Dengyo [= Saicho -] arrived at Mount T'ient'ai from Japan in the ninth month of 804 to further his studies, Hsing-man taught him the T'ient'ai doctrine and entrusted him with the major works of the school, including The Annotations on "The Profound Meaning of the Lotus Sutra," […] After his return from China, Dengyo founded the Tendai (Chin T'ient'ai) school based at Mount Hiei."

"Fo-lung-ssu temple [仏隴寺] (PY Folongsi; Jpn Butsuro-ji) Also known as Fo-lung Monastery. A temple of the T'ient'ai school located on the southwest peak of Mount T'ient'ai in China, founded by T'ient'ai in 575. It was later renamed Hsiu-ch'an-ssu." -
Input by: tmciolek, Mar 05, 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 5 Mar 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Fo-lung monastery, CN.

General location of the Fo-lung monastery, CN.
Lat 29.18178 Long 121.03150
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2013.

Google Map link:,%20CN)&ll=29.18178,121.03150&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Folung Monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Zhejiang Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 29.18178 Long 121.03150 - based on visual identification of the slopes of the southwest peak of Mount T'ient'ai in maps/satellite imagery, - tmciolek, 05 Mar 2013.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • Ti'ent'ai

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0567-99c - tmciolek 5 Mar 2013
  • 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32p dated-ex

12. Date-intermediate

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0867-99c - tmciolek 5 Mar 2013

13. Date-late

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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