Ghositarama monastery, (near) Kosam Khiraj, Uttar Pradesh, IN

Raw data

Buddhist scripture attributes this very old monastic site to the time of the Buddha, founded by a banker named Ghosita. The site has been located near Kosambi and identified by inscriptions. Archaeology suggests continuous occupation down to the sixth century when it was likely destroyed in the Hun invasion. Xuanzang found it an unoccupied ruin.

See Sukumar Dutt, Buddhist Monks and Monasteries of India: their history and contribution to Indian culture (London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. 1962), p. 65.
See also the excavations at Kosambi published in Indian Archaeology (1955 - 56).
Src: India
Input by: Stewart Gordon, Aug 28, 2009

"Kosambi is near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh. Kosambi was once great historic city with the capital of Vamsa. The city has witnessed several important events in the Buddha's life. On the tour of Kosambi, you will come across the Ashokan Pillar and the ruins of the Ghositarama, which was first built during the Buddha's lifetime. […]"

"Kosambi is well connected by road from Allahabad (51km). There are frequent bus and taxi services from Allahabad to Kosambi."

"The Brahmans generally asserted that it [Kosambi - tmc] stood either on the Granges [a typo, Ganges - tmc], or close to it, and the discovery of the name of Kosdmui mandala, or " Kingdom of 'Kosambi," in an inscription over the gateway of the fort of Khara, seemed to confirm the general belief, although the south-west bearing from Prayaga or Allahabad, as recorded by Hwen Thsang, points unmistakably to the line of the Jumna. In January 1861 Mr. EC Bayley informed me that he believed the ancient Kosambi would be found in the old village of Kosam, on the Jumna, about 30 miles above Allahabad. …"

Kosam Khiraj, India Page
Other names: Kosam Khirāj,Kosam,Kosam Khirag,Kosam Khirāg,Hisambad,Hisāmbād
World:India:State of Uttar Pradesh
Latitude 25.3333 Longitude 81.4000

Allahabad, India Page
Other names: Alla Abba Habab,Prayāg,Prayag,Allahābād
World:India:State of Uttar Pradesh
Latitude 25.4500 Longitude 81.8500

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 02 Apr 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Ghositarama monastery, IN.

General location of the Ghositarama monastery, IN.
lat=25.3333 long=81.4000
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=25.3333,81.4000&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Ghositarama monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Uttar Pradesh

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada, later Mahayana (by archaeological examination).

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 2 Apr 2013
  • <=0200 0200-32c 0233-66c 0267-99c 0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99c 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32p 0533-66p 0567-99p dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • It was likely destroyed in the Hun invasion in the 6th century. By 640 CE the site was already in ruin - Dutt (1962:65)
  • MBM chrono-tag 0500-32p 0533-66p 0567-99p - tmciolek 2 Apr 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • The Buddha and his followers settled at this and other monasteries, such as Jetavana and Jivakarama, during monsoon.

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • Textual, inscription, pilgrim account

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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