Jiaohe monastery, (near) Ruoqiang, Xinjiang, CN

Raw data

"Lionel Giles has recorded the following names for Ruoqiang Town (with his Wade-Giles forms of the Chinese names substituted with pinyin):
Jiaohe, ancient capital of Turfan[Han]. Jushi Qianwangting (Anterior Royal Court of Jushi) [Later Han]. Gaochang Jun [Jin]. Xi Zhou [Tang]. Yarkhoto [modern name].[3] […]
The city was built on a large islet (1650 m in length, 300 m wide at its widest point) in the middle of a river which formed natural defenses, which would explain why the city lacked any sort of walls. Instead, steep cliffs more than 30 metres high on all sides of the river acted as natural walls. The layout of the city had eastern and western residential districts, while the northern district was reserved for Buddhist sites of temples and stupas."

"The Great Monastery of Jiaohe
Pagoda in Jiaohe"
Input by: tmciolek, Dec 14, 2010

“At the end of the 8 Century, the city was tossed into the reigns of the Turpan, Hui, and Mongols. Residents fled from the destroyed city continuously until in the beginning of the 14 Century, the city was abandoned, as was its glory and prosperity of over 2000 years. ” - http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/xinjiang/turpan/jiaohe.htm

“For nearly thirteen centuries the ancient city of Jiaohe (a.k.a. “Yarkhoto”) once sat perched atop a narrow plateau not far from the Silk Road city of Turpan.” - http://www.farwestchina.com/2013/01/a-visit-to-turpans-ancient-jiaohe-city.html

"Jiaohe, Xinjiang - Site Plan. Further west is a Buddhist vihara (monastery), seen here from its eastern approach. The square structure that dominates the center of the photo is a ruined pagoda (closeup), that is situated in front of the monastery proper."

Input by: tmciolek, Feb 15, 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 27 Apr 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Jiaohe [monastery?], CN.

General location of the Jiaohe [monastery?], CN.
Lat 42.95036 Long 89.06419
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2010.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Jiaohe monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Jiaohe_Ruins - Lat 42.95036 Long 89.06419 maps.google.com/maps
  • [Note the INCORRECT coords suggested for the Jiaohe_Ruins - Lat 42.983333 Long 89.183333 by http://toolserver.org/~geohack/ - tmciolek, 14 Dec 2010]

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

  • Other names: Charklig, Er-ch'iang, Jo-ch ien, Chaqiliq, Charkhlök, Jo-ch'ien, Erh-ch'iang hsien, Jo-ch'iang, Zhotszyan, K'a-k'o-li-k'o, Chohchiang, Chakliq, Qarkilik, Ch o-ch iang, Jo-ch'iang-ch'eng, Charkhik, Ertsyan, Charkhlok, Charkliq, Erh-ch iang, Charklik, Tcharghalyk, Chohkiang, Rechiang, Charkhlig, Ch o-ch iang-hsien, Charlik, Charklyk, Er-ch iang, Ch'o-ch'iang-hsien, Erh-ch iang hsien, Erh-ch'iang, Charkhlyk, Tjarchlik, Chaklik, Jo-ch iang, Charkhlik, Zhotszyan', Tscharklik, Charlyk, Charrlik, Jo-ch iang-ch eng, Qak̩ilik̩, Charkhliq, Ch'o-ch'iang


8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • MBM chrono-tag 0733-66p 0767-99c - tmciolek 27 Apr 2013
  • 0733-66p 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-xl

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 27 Apr 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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