Jinshan monastery, (in) Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, CN

Raw data

"Jinshan Monastery
Jinshan Hill Park is in the northwest of Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province. It is on Mount Jin which is about 44 meters (about 144 feet) high and covers an area of 102 acres.
JinShan (Golden Hill) is located in the west of Zhengjiang city, Jiansu province, In ancient times, it was a solitary mount on the Yangtze river, […] According to chronicles the hill stands 190 chi (63.3metres) high and it's width is 620 steps, Although JinShan, Jiaoshan and Beigu have historically been referred to as "the Three hills in Jinkou (now Zhenjiang), Jinshan however, has always been known as the crown of Zhengjinang's fainous scenery

Reccords vary as to when the Jinshan Temple originated. One record says that it was built in early eastern Jin Dynasty. Yuan Dynasty scholar Yuji wrote in his Wangshaouge ji (journals of Longetivity chamber):" In the hill there is a Buddhist temple of the JinDynasty, built in the time of Emperor Ming. " Scholar Zhao Mengfu, However, wrote that the temple was constructed in the time of Emperor Yuan.

Another record says that the temple was built in the Liang Dynasty, for eminent Liang monks said that in the fouith year of the Tianjian period Liang Emperor Wu arrived at Zexin Si (River Center temple) and inaugurated the water, Land and air dharma Assembly In his chronicles, Jinshan's monk Yuanji wrote that the Assembly was organized in the Tianjian period of the Liang Dynasty, as an imperial edict ordered the holding of such a congregation, which fuither brought fame to Jinshan

But there were also sayings that the Temple was built in the Tang dynasty, The Xhan Fu Tu Sutra mentions :"The Temple started construction in the time of the Tapas Master Beitoutuo of the Tang, Dynasty " The book XinHai Zhilue Registers, The Venerable Master Lingtan was the grandson of Dajian and also an descendant of Empress Wu zetian. A man of supernatrual ablitym he went to live in the Serpent Cave on the peak of the Hill, where he achieved superior meditation, […]
And this was the beginning of the opening up of Hill by the Chan clan It is this story that makes most Chinese people get to know Jinshan Temple
Jiangtian Buddhist Temple, at the doorway of the Jinshan Temple, look up and you will see the tablet of "Jiangtian Buddhist Temple", which was inscribed by Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty when he accompanied Queen Mother to the Jinshan Temple for pray.

Jiangtian Temple is the present Jinshan Temple, which has been an ancient temple of Zen Buddhism enjoying a reputation at home and abroad since antiquity. It was built in the East Jin Dynasty, about more than one thousand and five hundred years removed from modern times. It was first named Zexin Temple and Jinshan Temple at the beginning of the Nan and Tang Dynasties. The temple has a grand scale. During its meridian period, it had more than three thousand Buddhist monks and tens of thousands of monks.

During the Qing Dynasty, Jinshan Temple ranked with Putuo Temple, Wenshu Temple and Daming Temple as the four famous temples of China.
Fahai Cave. also called Peigong Cave. It is on the cliff below the west of the Cishou Tower. Now in the cave stands a statue of Fahai and at the mouth of the cave hangs a horizontal tablet "Ancient Fahai Cave". The Fahai Cave is the place where Pei Toutuo, also called the Zen master Fahai, who is the founder of the Jinshan Temple, performed penance. The White Dragon has the stone statues of the White Snake and Green Snake.
Miaogao Platform,also called Drying Scripture Platform. "Miaogao" is a free translation counterpart of "Xumi" in Sanskrit. […]"

The Yangtze River crosses the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal at Zhenjiang, a central Jiangsu city known for its rich cultural legacy and picturesque landscape. […] The Jinshan Monastery, dating back to the East Jin, is a famed ancient temple in China." http://www.chinauniquetour.com/arts.asp?place=58&id=4662

Input by: tmciolek, Nov 06, 2012

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 28 Apr 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Jinshan monastery, CN.

General location of the Jinshan monastery, CN.
Lat 32.21725 Long 119.4104
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2012.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Jinshan monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Jiangsu Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 32.21725 Long 119.4104 - based on visual identification of the Jinshansite in satellite imagery, maps.google.com - tmciolek, 06 Nov 2012.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • Ch'an/Zen

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag 0300-32p 0333-66p 0367-99p 0400-32c - tmciolek 28 Apr 2013
  • 0300-32p 0333-66p 0367-99p 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32c 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 28 Apr 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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