Jūnāgadh monastic cluster, (near) Junagadh, Gujarat, IN

Raw data

This site is a group of about 50 monastic caves on three nearby sites. the sites include tanks and assembly halls. No inscriptions have been found but the earliest architectural features relate to a period c. 2nd century BC. When Xuanzang visited this area in the 630's AD he recorded 50 monasteries and 3000 monks, specifically mentioning a mountain that had caves carved in it which was in active use at the time. Junagadh is a current-day town in the Girnar Hills of Saurashtra.
Src: IN
Input by: SG January 25 2009

"Junagadh, then called Girnar, was the capital of Gujarat under the Mauryas from the 4th century BC until the reign of Emperor Ashoka who embraced Buddhism. After his death (c 226 BC), it passed into the successive control of the Kshatrapas, Guptas and finally the Chudasanas. Hindu dominance lasted till around the middle ages, when Muslim invaders established their supremacy. […]
From Junagarh to [Mt.] Girnar, 4-8 kms"

"Uperkot Fort
Uperkot is an impressive fort located on a plateau in the middle of town. It was originally built in 319 BC. […]
Further down the road are what are believed to be old Buddhist Caves said to be 1,500 years old (dating from before 500 AD). They are carved into the rocky hill and have stone carvings and floral work. There are also the Khapra Kodia Caves north of the fort, and the Babupyana Caves south of the fort."

Junagadh, India Page
Other names: Junaghur, Junagad, Junagarh, Jūnāgadh
World:India:State of Gujarat
Latitude 21.5167 Longitude 70.4667
Input by: tmciolek, Mar 3 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 29 Apr 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Junagadh monastic cluster, IN.

General location of the Junagadh monastic cluster, IN.
lat=21.5167 long=70.4667
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://maps.fallingrain.com), 2009.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Jūnāgadh monastic cluster

2. Monastery's modern country

  • India:State of Gujarat

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • 300 - 200 BCE
  • MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 29 Apr 2013
  • <=0200 0200-32c 0233-66c 0267-99c 0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99c 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32c 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99p dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • 630's AD - visited by Xuanzang - Input by: SG January 25 2009
  • MBM chrono-tag 0633-66c 0667-99p - tmciolek 29 Apr 2013

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • pilgrimage account, archaeological

16. Additional notes

  • 630's AD - 50 monasteries and 3000 monks (Src: IN Input by: SG January 25 2009)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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