Kafir-qala monastery, (near) Kolkhozabad, Viloyati Khatlon, TJ

Raw data

Kafyr-kala - "The southern part of the palace contained the Buddhist vihara and a courtyard. The vihara had a central sanctuary and ambulatory." (Litvinskii et al. 1996:182)

"In Tokharistan were excavated the Buddhist complexes of Karatepa and Fayaztepa in Old Termez, monastery of Adjinatepa, sanctuaries of Kalai Kafirnigan and Kafir-qala, stupa Chor-Digak in Chaganian and the temple in Kuva, the Fergana valley. On the territory of Old Termez, Chaganian, Shuman, Khavamaran and Kobadian, in the VII c. operated tens of the Buddhist monasteries, and even in the early VIII c. in Tokharistan "king and elite, and people" confessed Buddhism. The Arab expansion caused total migrations of the Buddhists eastward, first of all, to Eastern Turkistan where Buddhism became mass religion." - San'at (2002a)

"Hinayana was widespread in Tokharistan; according to Hsüan-tsang" - Melikian-Chirvani (n.d.)

"Kafir-qala - the ruins of Kafirkala are situated near the town of Kolkhozabad" - Zejmal and Rtveladze (1999) (cited in San'at (2002a)
[Note: The Kafir-kala town is not to be confused with other Tajikistani places with the similar name, such as
Vrang (known locally as Kafir Qala – "fort of the infidels"), or the Yamchun fortress (near the present-day Yamchun village, also known as Zamr-i-atash-parast or Kafir - qala) on the right bank of the Panj River in the foothills of the Vakhan range. - tmc.]

Kolkhozobod, Tajikistan Page
Other names: Kaganowtschab,Kolkhozabad,Kaganovichabad,Tugalan,Tugolan
World:Tajikistan:Viloyati Khatlon
Lat 37.5894 Long 68.6608

Input by: tmciolek, Aug 2, 2010

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 02 Aug 2010

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Kafir-qala monastery, TJ.

General location of the Kafir-qala monastery, TJ.
Lat 37.5894 Long 68.6608
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2010.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Kafir-qala monastery - San'at (2002a)

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Tajikistan:Viloyati Khatlon

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • Kafirkala monastery - San'at (2002a)
  • Kafyr-kala monastery - Litvinskii et al. (1996:182)

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada - Melikian-Chirvani (n.d.)

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • 7th c. AD - San'at (2002a)
  • MBM chrono-tag 0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p - tmciolek 30 Apr 2013
  • 0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p 0700-32p 0733-66p dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • early 8th c. - San'at (2002a)
  • MBM chrono-tag 0700-32p 0733-66p - tmciolek 30 Apr 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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