Kaiyuan-4 monastery, (in) Nanchang, Jiangxi, CN

Raw data

Mazu Daoyi: [Baso Doitsu]. 709-788. ]…] Taught at the Kaiyuan Monastery, Zhongling (Jiangxi) with 139 enlightened disciples. - http://books.google.com.au/books?id=a3iXbtyfL88C&pg=PT210

Mazu […] Sometime between 766-779 […] resided and taught at Kaiyuan Temple in Zhongling. - Ferguson (2000:66-67)

Input by: tmciolek, Nov 4, 2012

"Juran (巨然, fl. latter half of 10th c.), a native of either Zhongling (modern Nanchang in Jiangxi) or Jiangning (modern Nanjing in Jiangsu), was a monk at the Kaiyuan Temple who originally specialized in painting the southern scenery of Jiangnan (south of the Yangtze River)."

"First year of Tang Dali (766), a rate leaving Matsu road Duchang, Jianchang (now Yongxiu), in Anyi County, and Zhongling (now Nanchang), Dharma, and finally bore “Hongzhou Chan” giant master of Buddhahood. Tang Zhen Yuan four years (788) Matsu Road passed away in Zhongling Kaiyuan Temple (now Yau man Temple in Nanchang), tea adjoins Yu Jianchang Shimenshan marks, cracks or perforations on rocks made by action of waves Lake Temple (now Bao Jing‘an County peak Monastery) side of Tower building. Emperor Xian Zong in Yuan and years (ad 806-820) gives Matsu-grant posthumous number is “big silence Zen master”.

"Kaiyuan monastery was part of the network of state-sponosored monasteries established by emperor Xuanzong in 739 […] Originally the monastery was established during the reign of King Uzhang (r. 551-552) of the Liang Dynasty (502-557). Until the early eighth century, the name of the monastery was Dafo (Great Buddha) monastery. When Xuanzong's edict was enacted, the name was simply changed to Kaiyuan monastery. The monastery still exists in the central area of Nanchang, although it is not certain if its present location is the same as the one during Mazu's time. The monastery was burned down during the late Tang era, and during its subsequent history its name changed a number of times. In the early twelfth century, the monastery was renamed Nengren monastery, and druing the 1450s the name changed to Youqing monastery; its present name is Youmin monastery […]
Poceski (2007:31) http://books.google.com.au/books?id=5fwRXrVPh-cC&pg=PA31&lpg=PA31

"Youmin Temple is situated inside Bayi Park in the northern part of Nanchang. It was constructed during the Southern Dynasty (420- 589AD). The name was changed to the Bless People Temple (Youmin Temple) during Qing Dynastyof Shunzhi year. In Jiaqing year, it received a copper cast Buddha, the height is 1.6 feet and the weight of 36,000 catties."

Input by: tmciolek, Nov 6, 2012

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 06 Nov 2012

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Kaiyuan-4 monastery, CN.

General location of the Kaiyuan-4 monastery, CN.
Lat 28.6858 Lat 115.8921
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2012.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Kaiyuan-4 monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Jiangxi Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 28.6858 Lat 115.8921 - based on visual identification of the Youmin monastery site in satellite imagery, maps.google.com - tmciolek, 06 Nov 2012.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahyana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • Ch'an/Zen

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0533-66c - tmciolek 13 Dec 2012
  • 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag: 1200=> - tmciolek 06 Nov 2012

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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