Kashmir Valley monastic cluster, (towards) Badgom, Jammu and Kashmir, IN

Raw data

Xuanzang observed [in Kashmir] 100 monasteries with about 5000 monks. He stayed there from August 631 to sometime in 633 AD. He noted that the monasteries were a mixture of Hinayana and Mahayana.
Src: IN
Input by: SG Jan 22 2009

The Kashmir Valley remained Buddhist until conquest by Islamic forces in the 14th Century. Some of the assembly halls were converted into mosques.
Src: IN
Input by: SG Feb 27 2009

"Kashmir was under the influence of Buddhism for almost a thousand years. That is why we have even today the remains of Buddhist influence. Most of the Viharas about which Kalhana has given details have not been located so far. But it is certain that they are spread over the whole of Kashmir valley. There are certain Viharas whose locations have been pin-pointed. Some of them are-' Jalora Vihara ' at Zalur Zainageer (Sopore in Baramulla Dist.), ' Vitastatra ' is today's ' Vyathavotur ' in Anantnag district. King Ashoka (different from the great King Ashoka of Maurya dynasty) had built a' stupa' in today's Budgam; queen Shukdevi had built a Vihara in Srinagar at a place named ' Nadvana '. Vihara is not seen today, but the word ' Nadvana ' got changed into ' Narvora ' which is one of the oldest parts of old Srinagar City. Huang Suang has written about a ' Jainder Vihara ' near Srinagar City, which had a huge Buddha idol in it. Huang Suang had stayed in this Vihara, but its place is still a matter of dispute. Besides these there are many places in Kashmir which remind us of Buddhism and its influence on Kashmir like, ' Parihaspora ', ' Anderkut ', ' Ahen ' (Sumbal), ' Khandhbhawan ' (Srinagar), 'Rattani Pura ', ' Harwan ' , 'Raithan ', etc. etc." - Aima (1984).

"King Ashoka (different from the great King Ashoka of Maurya dynasty) had built a 'stupa' in today's Budgam." - Aima (1984).

Input by: tmciolek Apr 19 2009

"The preservation and display of relics has been a custom among the Buddhists of Kashmir well before the first century AD. The begging bowl of the Buddha was preserved in a convent in Srinagar. It is believed to have been broken by a marauder called Mihirakula who became the king of Kashmir in the sixth century AD. There is also a legend about the tooth of Buddha being preserved in Kashmir, which was subsequently lost." - http://www.icpsnet.org/description.php?ID=197
Input by: tmciolek 15 Jul 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 15 Jul 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of the Kashmir valley monastic cluster, India.

General location of the Kashmir valley, India.
Lat 34.0167 Long 74.7167
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2019.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Kashmir Valley monastic cluster

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Jammu and Kashmir

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 15 Jul 2013
<=0200 0200-32c 0233-66c 0267-99c 0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99c 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32c 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

MBM chrono-tag 0600-32c 0633-66c - tmciolek 15 Jul 2013

13. Date-late

  • 14th Century. Conquest by Muslim forces - Input by: SG Feb 27 2009

MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 15 Jul 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • Pilgrim account, other texts. No archaeology.

16. Additional notes

  • Xuanzang found 100 monasteries and 5,000 monks

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

end of page

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License