Khai-Quoc monastery, (in) Hanoi, Thu Do Ha Noi, VN

Raw data

Khai-Quoc monastery, N. Vietnam. Mahayana: Ch'an line. Active 900 AD and onwards.
Src: Thich Thien-An (1975:64)

Chua Tran Quoc (or Tran Quoc Pagoda) is located beside the dazzling West Lake, on Thanh Nien Road, Hanoi. [… ] [photograph]
The construction of the pagoda started in 541 and was completed in 545 under the reign of King Ly Nam De (544-548) under its original name of Khai Quoc (National Founder). It was initially built on the bank of the Red River (then West Lake and the Red River met).
Input by: tmciolek, 20 Feb 2009

Tran Quoc - Hanoi
From the Co Ngu road, there is a path leading to an islet close to the edge of Tay lake. Having the shape of a tortoise, it was called Bai Rua (Tortoise Terrace). It also had another name Kim Ngu terrace (Golden Fish terrace). On this very islet, the kings of Ly dynasty built the Thuy Hoa palace (Palace of Beautiful Flowers) where they could enjoy fresh air. Later, in the Tran dynasty, the Kings also established the Ham Nguyen palace here where they could spend their time contemplating the beautiful scenery, The foundations of these former palaces are now the very place where stands the pagoda which is one of the oldest temples of our country : Tran Quoc pagoda.

Originally, this pagoda was a temple name Khai Quoc (Establishing the Nation) which was first built during the reign of King Ly Nam De (544 – 548 AD). It was located on a terrace near the Hong Ha river, north east of Yen Hoa ward – presently Yen Phu, near Long Bien bridge. At this Khai Quoc Pagoda, in the Ly Nhan Tong’s reign, Queen Y Lan once treated venerable bronzes to elaborate vegetarian meals. She also frequented the pagoda to have religious talks with the bonzes.
During the reign of King Le Thanh Tong, (1434-1442) the pagoda was renamed An Quoc (Pacifying the Nation).
Input by: tmciolek, 14 Apr 2009

Ha Noi, Vietnam Page
Other names: Keicho, Hanoi
World:Vietnam:Thu Do Ha Noi
Lat 21.0333 Lon 105.8500
Input by: tmciolek, 20 Feb 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 06 Aug 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Khai-Quoc monastery, Vietnam.

General location of the Khai-Quoc monastery, Vietnam.
lat=21.0333 long=105.8500
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20VN)&ll=21.0333,105.8500&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Khai-Quoc monastery - Thich Thien-An (1975:64)

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Vietnam: Thu Do Ha Noi

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • A Zen master named Vien Chieu (999-1090) lived at a monastery known as Cat Tuong, located in the capital (Thang Long) - Cuong Tu Nguyen (1997:116).

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana - Thich Thien-An (1975:64)

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • Ch'an/Zen - Thich Thien-An (1975:64)

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag: 0533-66c - tmciolek 06 Aug 2013
0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • Active 900 AD and onwards - Thich Thien-An (1975:64)

13. Date-late

MBM chrono-tag: 1200=> - tmciolek 06 Aug 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • archaeology, texts

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

end of page

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License