Khuttal monastic cluster, (towards) Qurghonteppa, Viloyati Khatlon, TJ

Raw data

"Huei-ch'ao the Chinese traveller, [most likely this a reference to Hyecho (704–787 CE), Sanskrit: Prajñāvikram; Hui Chao in Chinese Pinyin, was a Korean Buddhist monk from Silla - tmc, Apr 2012] records in the 8th century that in Khuttal region of Tukharistan, 'the king, nobles and people were very devoted to the Triratna; there are many monasteries and monks; they follow the Hinayana doctrine.' He says the same about Vakhan." Krishan (1996:83)

"Tu-ho-lo or Tukharistan - the lands between the city of Balkh and the Badakshan region, the latter being an area containing the settlements of Faizabad, Jurm, Barak, Azarat Said, Sar-i-Sang & Iskazr" - (Herrmann 1968:22-23)

"Kurgan Tyube, Tajikistan - The city is located in the upper part of a valley in the center of a rich oasis. Some historical data testifies that Kurgan Tyube emerged in the seventh century, according to the other it happened much later. The area occupied by modern Kurgan Tyube was known as Khuttal' in the Middle Ages. It was a huge territory between the Vakhsh and the Panj. During the most ancient period of its history Khuttal' was a part of Bactria. […]
No one from among the medieval geographers can give exact geographical borders of Khuttal'. However, it is well known that the capital of the area was the city of Hulbuk which "disappeared" for some reasons after the 12th century."

"The vast area between the Vakhsh and Panj (i.e. the left-bank of the Vakhsh valley) was Khuttal region. In ancient history Khuttal was a part of Bactria. Medieval geographers did not record the exact geographic borders of Khuttal. However, it is well known that the capital of the region at that time was the town of Hulbuk, which "disappeared" somehow after the 12th century.
In Khuttal there were several towns, both large and small (Levaqand, Helavard, Tamliyat, Pargar, Andi-jagar) and one of them, Munk, was even larger than the capital. Not all of these towns exist now, nevertheless their former location has been determined. So, where was the town of Hulbuk, the capital of Khuttal, located […] in a location called Khisht-teppa."

"The capital of Khuttalon the town Houlbuk was located in Hishteppa, near the settlement Kurbonshaid in Vosse region."

"In 1952 the archeologists started exploration of a place near Kurgan Tube named Khisht-Tepa (" the Brick Hill"). Presumably there had to be the site of the "vanished" medieval capital. The entire area (about 70 hectares) abounded with pieces of pottery and glass, ceramic and metal slag, and fragments of burnt bricks. According to historians Hulbuk's structures were made from these materials."

"Khulbuk is situated in the center of village of Kurban - Shaid of Vose Region […] Khulbuk is an administrative, trade and cultural center of Huttal Region of IX-XII centuries."

Input by: tmciolek, Jul 5, 2010

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 06 Aug 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Khuttal monastic cluster, TJ.

General location of the Khuttal monastic cluster, TJ.
Lat 37.8364 Long 68.7803
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2010.

Google Map link:,%20TJ)&ll=37.8364,68.7803&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Khuttal monastic cluster

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Tajikistan:Viloyati Khatlon

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada - Krishan (1996:83)

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • Was still active in the 8th century - Krishan (1996:83)

MBM chrono-tag: 0700-32p 0733-66p 0767-99p - tmciolek 06 Aug 2013
0700-32p 0733-66p 0767-99p dated-x

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • pilgrim account

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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