Kôzanji monastery, (in) Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, JP

Raw data

Kôzanji is said to have been established by the monk San’in in Heian-kyô in the middle of the Heian period (794–1185). In 1206, retired Emperor Go-Toba ordered the monk Myôe (1173– 1232), to rebuild it. The temple possesses many historical documents, now compiled as Kôzanji shiryô sôsho by Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai. Among them, the Old Primer (Ko ôrai) contains letters describing village life of provincial elites.

- Piggott, ed. (2006: 249, 275)

According to temple legends, Emperor Konin (709-782) ordered the construction of the monastery, then known as Shinkanji Togabo. Myôe changed the name to Kôzanji, while establishing a training hall for the Kegon school of Nara Buddhism. He began to cultivate tea with seeds gifted by Zen master Eisai (1141-1215).

In 1994, Kôzanji became a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of the number of art treasures, including nine national treasures and 10,000 Important Cultural Assets.

- “Kozan-ji” http://kyoto.asanoxn.com/places/takao/kozanji.htm

A diagram of Kôzanji that dates to 1230 shows “a large gate, a main hall, a three-storied pagoda, a hall dedicated to Amitabha, a hall dedicated to Lohan, a bell tower, a scripture hall, and a Shinto shrine …” Of these buildings, only the scripture hall (Sekisui-in) remains.

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kōzan-ji

Input by: Lizbeth H. Piel, Jul 06, 2010

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 1 Sep 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Kozan-ji monastery, JP.

General location of the Kozan-ji monastery, JP.
Lat 35.05988 Long 135.6786
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2010.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Kôzanji 高山寺. Alternative English spelling: Kôzan-ji, Kozanji, Kozan-ji

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Japan: Kyoto Prefecture

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 35.05988 Long 135.6786 - visual identification of Kozan-ji (Kosan-ji 高山寺) in maps.google.com - tmciolek, 8 Jul 2010.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

  • Kyôto-shi (Kyoto City), Ukyô-ku (ward), Tokanoo-chô, Ume-ga-hata

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

  • Heian-kyô

8. The settlement's coordinates

  • [missing data]

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

11. Date-early

  • ca. 10th century - Piggott, ed. (2006: 275)

MBM chrono-tag 0900-32p 0933-66p 0967-99p - tmciolek 1 Sep 2013
0900-32p 0933-66p 0967-99p 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-ex

12. Date-intermediate

MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 1 Sep 2013

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • Documents, architecture

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data]

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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