Kuda monastery, (in) Kuda, Maharashtra, IN

Raw data

This group of 15 caves is located in Kuda, " a small village on the eastern side of the northern arm of Murud-Janjira creek in South Konkan (Maharashtra)". The caves are simple, of the first century BCE style, and include an assembly hall. There are useful inscriptions at the site. Later occupation (5th-6th centuries) added sculpture.

See D.C. Ahir, Buddhist Sites and Shrines in India: History, Art and Architecture (Delhi: Inian Books Centre, 2003) p.198.
Src: IN
Input by: SG , Apr 1, 2009

Kuda, India Page
World:India:State of Maharashtra
Latitude 18.2833 Longitude 73.0833

"Caves were cut for Buddhist mendicants in Hinayana tradition, in 1st century BC - 3rd century AD. Later, in 6th - 7th century AD there were made additions in Mahayana tradition - including numerous sculptures of Buddha.
Kuda Caves are 26 rock-cut caves and 11 rock-cut cisterns. Some count more caves here, for example 28 - but these other caves are just small chambers. […] Coordinates: 18.2858 N 73.0726 E Address: Asia, India, Maharashtra, Raigad district, 23 km northwest from Mangaon, peninsula at Janjira creek, in hill overlooking Mandad village
Age: 1st century BC - 3rd century AD, 6th - 7th c. AD"
Input by: tmciolek, May 12, 2009

The donative inscriptions in the 26 caves show a variety of donors - lay women , nuns, merchants, traders, families. The caves were often cut for the merit to accrue to a named person, as well as all sentient beings. The inscriptions are translated in Mrs. Seema Bhosle, "Buddhist Architecture: Kuda Caves" in Buddhism Past and Present (eds. Dr. Jalindar Bhosle, Dr. Monika Vaidya and Dr. Amol Vidyasagar) (Pune: Department of History, A. Garware College, 2011) 184-197.

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 07 Sep 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Kuda monastery, IN.

General location of the Kuda monastery, IN.
Lat 18.2858 Long 73.0726
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2009.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Kuda monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Maharashtra

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 07 Sep 2013
<=0200 0200-32c 0233-66c 0267-99c 0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99c 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32p 0533-66p 0567-99p 0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p dated-ex

12. Date-intermediate

MBM chrono-tag 0500-32p 0533-66p 0567-99p 0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p - tmciolek 07 Sep 2013

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • archaeological

16. Additional notes

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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