Manam Khar West monastery, (in) Manam, Xizang, CN

Raw data

Rinchen Sangpo soll auch das Manam-Kloster[8] in Zanda (Tsada) [und] Khorchag Gönpa in Burang gegründet haben.” -

“Basic site data: […] Administrative location (township): Dabap
[Administrative location (county): Tsamda […]
Manam Khar West was built on the edge of an escarpment that rises approximately 40 m above the left or west side of the Manam/Manam river valley. The large adobe block structure has a ground plan similar to that found at Hala Khar East (A-59) and Kharchung (A-136), characterized by linear series of small rooms. Manam Khar West could potentially have contained more than 40 rooms, but most physical signs of them have been eradicated. The design of this large edifice contrasts strongly with that of Buddhist temples and monasteries in Gugé. Moreover, there are no Buddhist emblems or oral traditions associated with the site. This evidence probably signifies an archaic cultural identity. […] In addition to the famous 11th century CE Buddhist monastery of Manam, situated in the valley bottom, there is a so-called castle on the summit of an earthen formation rising 250 m above Manam village. This Buddhist facility, known as Manam Khar East, is located east of the village. It consists of three small ruined chapels (lhakang) made of adobe blocks, locally called Lhakhang Marpo, Lhakhang Karpo, and Gyelwa Jampa Lhakhang.[…]” - Antiquities of Zhang Zhung by John Vincent Bellezza. Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White.Tibetan & Himalayan Library, Copyright © 2010 by the author.

“[…] The hilltop monastery was destroyed in the pre-Communist period, but when? According to local lore, this monastery is older than the one founded by Atisha in the valley bottom. Small traces of frescoes remain on the wall but these are heavily faded. These are certainly no older than the tenpa chidar (second diffusion of Buddhism, circa 1000-1200 CE). […]
There are over 30 shallow caves in the vicinity of the monastery, but many of these are inaccessible. Ones I peered into have hewn niches and rear chambers, and fire-blackened ceilings. These must have been used by anchorites and perhaps earlier on as well, which could explain why Manam Khar is believed to be older than the valley monastery (founded around 1000 CE)…” -

Manam Khar (Nupchok) Introduction
Geographic coordinate (N. lat.): 31º 20.6’ [=31.3433]
Geographic coordinate (E. long.): 79º 46.6’ [=79.7766]
Elevation: 4650 m
Administrative location (township): DabapMda’ babs
Administrative location (county): Tsada
Input by: tmciolek, Jan 16, 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 16 Jan 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Manam Khar West monastery, CN.

General location of the Manam Khar West monastery, CN.
Lat 31.34235 Long 79.78144
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2013.

Google Map link:,%20CN)&ll=31.34235,79.78144&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xizang Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 31.34235 Long 79.78144 - based on visual identification of the site in maps/satellite imagery, - tmciolek, 16 Jan 2013.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Vajrayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag 1000-32c - tmciolek 16 Jan 2013
  • 1000-32c 1033-66p 1067-99p dated-e

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • Archaeological

16. Additional notes

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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