Manmodi monastery, (near) Junnar, Maharashtra, IN

Raw data

"Junnar group of caves are further classified into various sub-groups depending upon the location of these excavations. They are:
(b) Manmodi group of caves located on the Manmodi hill situated to the south-southwest of the town. The monastic complex was known as Gidha-vihara (Gridhra-vihara) and the hill as Manamukuda in ancient inscriptions. The cave group consists of nearly 40 individual excavations excluding the cisterns. They are located in three distinct groups known as:
(i) Bhimasankar group, southeast of Manmodi hill, in which one cave has the donor inscription of Ayama, the minister of King Nahapana dated in the year 46 (A.D. 124).
(ii) Amba-Ambika group, to the north of Bhimasankar, known such due to the carving of figures of Tirthankaras and Ambika, the latter Sasanadevi of 23rd Jaina Tirthankara, Neminatha.
(iii) Bhutalinga group, nearly 200 m west of the Amba-Ambalika group. […]" ASI (2009)

"Manmod caves - Buddhist monasteries - […] designed after Hinayana canons. Caves were created in three compact groups. Easternmost is Bhimashankar Group (10 caves), in the middle is Ambika Group (19 caves) and closer to Junnar, more to the north-west is Bhutling Group (16 caves).
Coordinates: 19.1832 N 73.8871 E
Alternate names: Manmodi Caves, Manmoda Caves, Gidha vihara, Gridhra vihara, Manamukuda
Age: 1st - 11th century AD"
Input by: tmciolek Jun 15, 2010

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 01 Oct 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Manmodi monastery, IN.

General location of the Manmodi monastery, IN.
Lat 19.1832 Long 73.8871
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=19.1832,73.8871&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Manmodi monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Maharashtra

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 01 Oct 2013
<=0200 0200-32c 0233-66c 0267-99c 0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99c 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32c 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32p 0933-66p 0967-99p dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

MBM chrono-tag 0900-32p 0933-66p 0967-99p - tmciolek 01 Oct 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • archaeology, architecture

16. Additional notes

  • 40 caves plus accompanying cisterns - ASI (2009)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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