Mathura monastic cluster, (in) Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, IN

Raw data

Mathura is a very old Buddhist site, giving its name to a distinctive sculptural style. At the time of Xuanzang there were 20 monasteries with about 2000 monks, some Hinayana and some Mahayana. He visited the site in October, 635 AD. Mathura is still a site in modern-day U.P.
Src: IN
Input by: SG Jan 22 2009

Input by: tmciolek, Mar 3 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 01 Oct 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Mathura monastic cluster, India.

General location of the Mathura monastic cluster, India.
lat=27.5000 long=77.6833
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20cluster%20IN)&ll=27.5000,77.6833&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Mathura monastic cluster

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Uttar Pradesh

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • A Tibetan history of Buddhism (1608 CE) lists "Sira" and Saravati as two of the monasteries in the Mathura cluster. See Taranatha's History of Buddhism in India, Lama Chimpa and Alaka Chattopadhyaya (trans.) and Debiprasad Cahttopadhyaya (ed.), (Simla: Institute for Advanced Studies, 1970), p.34, 79.
  • Other names of monasteries on the area were Upagupta, Guha, and Natika and Nata. See T. Watters, On Yuan Chwangs (Yuan-chuang's) Travels in India (A.D. 629 - 645) (reprinted edition Delhi: 1961) I, 309.

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • "The Mathura lion capital, an Indo-Scythian sandstone capital in crude style, dated to the 1st century CE, describes in kharoshthi the gift of a stupa with a relic of the Buddha, by Queen Nadasi Kasa, the wife of the Indo-Scythian ruler of Mathura, Rajuvula."
  • "Fa Xian mentions the city, as a centre of Buddhism about A.D. 400." -
  • In 635 AD visited by Xuanzang - (Src: IN Input by: SG Jan 22 2009)

MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 01 Oct 2013
<=0200 0200-32c 0233-66c 0267-99c 0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99c 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32c 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c dated-xl

13. Date-late

MBM chrono-tag 1000-32c - tmciolek 01 Oct 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • pilgrim account

16. Additional notes

  • In 635 AD - 20 monasteries with about 2,000 monks (Src: IN Input by: SG Jan 22 2009)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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