Nālandā monastery, (near) Rajgir, Bihar, IN

Raw data

Founded in the 5th c. AD (Powers 2007:515)
Destroyed 1200 AD by Mahmud Ghori (Powers 2007:515)
Input by: tmciolek, Feb 23 2009

Of interest is how quickly Nālandā rose from a non-site (not even mentioned by Fa-Hien in the early 5th century) and under Gupta patronage was, within a century, the premier teaching university in the Buddhist world, drawing students from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Southeast Asia and China.
See Sukumar Dutt, Buddhist Monks and Monasteries of India: Their history and contribution to Indian culture (London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. 1962), p. 328 -329, 342 - 343.

Nalanda Sangharama. Lit. Nalanda Monastery, Unwearied Benefactor Monastery. A monastery seven miles north of Rajagriha, built by Sakraditya; now called "Baragong (i. e. viharagrama)." Src: Eitel (1888:104). Located at the seven miles north of Rajagriha at the present-day Baragaon, it was built in by King Sakraditya of the Gupta dynasty and destroyed in the 14th century. Src: Muller (1995a-present)
Input by: tmciolek, Feb 27 2009

Nalanda - Almost a suburb of Rajgir. The monastic university covered an area of several square kilometers, now occupied by modern villages Jagispur and Bargaon (Huntington 1984:108). Nalanda and the nearby Uddandapura were destroyed by the invading Muslims in 1199 (Huntington 1984:109).

Rajgir, India Page
Other names: Rājagriha,Rajgriha,Rajagriha,Rājgīr
World:India:Bihar State of
Lat 25.0333 Long 85.4167

Barkagaon, India Page
Other names: Barkāgaon
World:India:Bihar State of
Lat 25.2167 Long 84.4167

Jagdispur, India Page
Other names: Jagdīspur
World:India:Bihar State of
Lat 25.4833 Long 84.4167

"Nalanda was established in the 5th century AD in Bihar, India.[22]. Founded in 427 in northeastern India, not far from what is today the southern border of Nepal, it survived until 1197. It was devoted to Buddhist studies, but it also trained students in fine arts, medicine, mathematics, astronomy, politics and the art of war.[23].
The center had eight separate compounds, 10 temples, meditation halls, classrooms, lakes and parks. It had a nine-story library where monks meticulously copied books and documents so that individual scholars could have their own collections. It had dormitories for students, perhaps a first for an educational institution, housing 10,000 students in the university’s heyday and providing accommodation for 2,000 professors. [24] Nalanda University attracted pupils and scholars from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia and Turkey."

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 21 Mar 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Nalanda monastery, India.

General location of the Nalanda monastery, India.
lat=25.35 long=84.4167
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2009.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Nālandā monastery (Eitel 1888:104)

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Bihar

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0400-32c - tmciolek 13 Dec 2012
  • 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32c 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag: 1167-99c - tmciolek 13 Dec 2012

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • pilgrim accounts, texts, archaeology, inscriptions

16. Additional notes

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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