Nanzong nunnery, (towards) Heyin/Guide, Qinghai, CN

Raw data

“Nanzong Buddhist Nunnery is located in the area of Kanbula, where the religious cultures are very advanced.
It is also the birthplace of Tibetan Buddhism in its later period. Nanzong Buddhist Nunnery has a history more than 1100 years.”

“The Kanbula National Forest Park is […] located in Kanbula Town, Jianzha County, and the Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (huáng nán zàng zú zì zhì zhōu 黄南藏族自治州). […] The religious cultures have a long history in the area of Kanbula, which is the birthplace of Tibetan Buddhism in its later period. Here is the home of A’qiongnanzong Temple, Nanzong Buddhist Nunnery (nán zōng ní gū sì 南宗尼姑寺), Nanzongzha Temple (nán zōng zhā sì 南宗扎寺) and Gabu Temple (gǎ bù sì 尕布寺), all of which have a history more than 1,100 years. Nanzong Temple and Nanzong Buddhist Nunnery are the only religious Buddhist places with monks and nuns coexist with each other in Qinghai Province China.“

“Nanzong Si - China / Qinghai / Xining / monastery. Monastery in Jainca county. Coordinates:   36°6'53"N   101°45'1"E [=Lat 36.11472 Long 101.75027 - tmciolek]" -

“Achung Namdzong (tib.: a chung gnam rdzong dgon[1]) ist eine bedeutende Klosterstätte der Nyingma-Schule des tibetischen Buddhismus (Vajrayana) in Zentral-Amdo. Sie ist nach einem Hauptgipfel des Kanbula (Namdzong) benannt.
Das Kloster liegt im Kreis Jainca (Centsha[2]) im Osten der chinesischen Provinz Qinghai, der zum Verwaltungsgebiet des Autonomen Bezirks Huangnan der Tibeter gehört. […] 36.116544,101.750838"

“Aqiong Nanzong Temple - Aqiongnanzong Temple is a monastery of Ningma denomination of Tibetan Buddhism.” -

Achung Namdzong (or An chung gnam rdzong; Chin. Aqiong Nanzong Si), sacred mountain and complex of monasteries in Qinghai - Gruschke (n.d.)

“By the late decades of the ninth century the Tibetan empire had disintegrated and nationwide patronage of the Buddhist teachings had ceased. Tibet entered what is traditionally known as the “dark period,” during which Buddhism in Tibet is supposed to have ceased to exist, or, worse, become irreparably corrupted. It is clear from the surviving accounts of the life of Nubchen Sanggye Yeshe that the teaching and practice of tantra did survive the turmoil of the age, in remote mountain retreats and isolated villages. Buddhist monasticism, on the other hand, could only survive in Amdo, the remote northeast of the country, where at Dentik (dan tig) and Achung Namdzong (an chung gnam rdzong) three far-sighted monks transmitted the Vinaya to Lachen Gongpa Rabsal (lha chen dgongs pa rab gsal), ensuring that Shantarakshita’s lineage of monastic ordination would eventually be reintroduced to Central Tibet and continue unbroken for the benefit of posterity.” -

“Pay a visit to Achung Namdzong (阿琼南宗寺), red sect monastery, Sangak Tengyeling, built in 1814 and surrounded by beautiful red mountain peaks, a very quiet and holy place, including a biggest Nyingmapa nunnery, Samten Chopeling nearby housing 200 nuns, it is said it was built in 13th century. During the eighth century, Padmasambhava, a great Tantric master who first introduced Buddhism to Tibet, blessed his power to the Local Mountain God to be a local protector and spread deep knowledge of Buddhism and wisdom to the ground where since then became a strong magnetic field of Buddhism. Many Lamas and monks came here to study Buddhism and to meditate in some caves. Some of them made a great achievement to the Tibetan Buddhism and become famous masters, such as, Tsang Rabsel, Mar Shakyamuni, Yo-ge Jung and Lhalung Pelgyi Dorje. They preserved the monastic lineage and their disciples started the Later Diffusion of Buddhism in central Tibet after the King Langdarma’s severe Movement of Persecution of Buddhism during the 9th century.” -

Input by: tmciolek, Jan 31, 2013

“After three generations, the religious king Tri Ralpachen [Ralpacan, rulec c. 815, until 838 CE -] issued a decree that every monk should be supported by seven households. At the same time thousands of temples were constructed. He also invited many more Indian masters such as the Acharyas Jinamitra, Surendrabodhi and Danashila, who with the Tibetan translators Yeshede and others revised and standardised the earlier translations according to a revised terminology. In this way the Buddha's teachings were increasingly being propagated throughout Tibet. […] Ralpachen's successor, King Lang Darma [Langdarma (glang dar ma, 841–846) -], did not support the Buddha's teaching. Monasteries were emptied and the monks made to disrobe, often being recruited into the army. […]
However, at that time Mar Shakya Yeshi, Yogejung and Tsang Rabsel, holders of the monastic lineage of the great Abbot Shantarakshita managed to escape to the Domey (north-eastern) region of Tibet, where with the assistance of two Chinese monks they gave full ordination to Lachen Gongpa Rabsel, which marked the revival of the Tibetan monastic community. Similarly, with the arrival of Sadhupala and others in upper Ngari (western Tibet), and the coming of the great Kashmiri scholar Shakyashri the monastic lineages were greatly expanded and the community multiplied. Amongst those who were ordained by Gongpa Rabsel, Lumey and others returned to central Tibet and revived Buddhism there, building monasteries and temples and teaching the doctrine.”

Input by: tmciolek, Feb 04, 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 04 Feb 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Nanzong nunnery, CN.

General location of the Nanzong nunnery, CN.
Lat 36.12411 Long 101.75127
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2013.

Google Map link:,%20CN)&ll=36.12411,101.75127&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Qinghai Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 36.12411 Long 101.75127 - based on visual identification of the site in maps/satellite imagery, - tmciolek, 04 Feb 2013.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Vajrayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0900-32p - tmciolek 04 Feb 2013
  • 0900-32p 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag: 1200=> - tmciolek 04 Feb 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • Architectural

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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