Narendrabhavana monastery, (towards) Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir, IN

Raw data

"Narendrabhavana [vihara], was in the city of Sauraka (Suru, beyond the Zoji La.) -

"One of the Viharas which the first Buddhist ruler of Kashmir erected was at Saurasa [should read "Sauraka" - tmciolek, 15 Jul 2013] (present day Suru) beyond the Zqjila [mountain pass]. Obviously Buddhism must either have been prevalent in the territory or was introduced into it in the time of Surrendra [who ruled a few decades before Ashoka Maurya (304–232 BCE) - tmc], to make him found a monastery there." Mann (2002:195)

"[…] Kashmir's first Buddhist monastery (vihara) was founded by King Surendra, four generations before Asoka's conquest of Kashmir. Surendra's monastery was located "near the country of Dards" in a city called Sauraka, which may refer to Suru, a valley north of Zangskar lying just east of the Dardic region of Dras and its neighbouring valley, Kashmir. The presence of a royally funded in the Suru Valley helps to explain the presence of a forty-foot-high Kashmiri-style rock relief in the Suru Valley, outside a fortified town named Kartse Khar or White Peak Castle." (Gutschow 2009:93)

"Suru valley: […] It expands from Kargil town upto the Penzi La watershed, from where the Suru River rises. The Suru valley has a large population, mainly of Tibetan-Dard Muslims, who converted to Islam in the 15th century. […]
Kartse Khar: The Kartse Khar an ancient village with a 7m tall rock carved statue of Maitriya Buddha. All this is evidence of the presence of Buddhist community in the valley in the past. There are other rocks carved statues and stupas are to be seen in Suru valley, if any one wishes to explore."
Input: tmciolek Jul 15 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 15 Jul 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Narendrabhavana monastery, IN.

General location of the Narendrabhavana monastery, IN.
Lat 34.34379 Long 75.96380
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2013.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=34.34379,75.96380&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Jammu and Kashmir

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 34.34379 Long 75.96380 - based on visual identification of the Panoramio photograph with a Suru Valley rock-relief of a Buddha, in maps/satellite imagery, - tmciolek, 15 Jul 2013.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • Founded by King Surendra, four generations before Asoka's conquest of Kashmir" - (Gutschow 2009:93)

MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 15 Jul 2013

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Known monks and nuns associated with this monastery

19. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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