Parihaspora monastery, (near) Pattan, Jammu and Kashmir, IN

Raw data

This site is in the Kashmir Valley. The current-day town is called Paraspora. Archeological excavation uncovered a large stupa, monastery, and assembly hall. See Ahir, p. 130.
Src: IN
Input by: SG Feb 27 2009

"London: Reports indicate that the seventh century Buddhist structures at Parihaspora in Pattan, Kashmir, India, are neglected and face imminent destruction. According to a report carried in, despite being the an area of great archeological importance housing ancient seventh century Buddhist structures including a temple of Kanishka's and Lalitaditya's eras, the Gawadran area in Parihaspora Pattan in north Kashmir Baramulla district is under the sickle these days."

Input by: tmciolek, Aug 19 2009

"Paraspora or Parihaspora which lies in lat. 34’ 8” N.; 74’ 38” E. [= Lat 34.1333 Long 74.6333 - tmciolek]; was capital of king Lalitaditya. The highland is studded with heaps of ruins of which a few have been excavated. The most important Buddhist structures, a stupa, a monastery, and a chaitya was excavated. The stupa is identified as Chankuna Stupa, a monastery to the south of the stupa is the Raja-vihara of Lalitaditya. The third structure next to monastery on the south side is the chaitya. It is constructed with giant blocks of limestone."
Jasrotia (2012:58)
Input by: tmciolek, Nov 07 2012

Paraspora is a site in Kashmir, India (34 degrees 8 min. N. x 74 degrees 38 min. E) located 14 miles north-west of Srinagar. It has been identified with Parihasapura, the capital of Lalitaditya (a dynasty that lavishly patronized Buddhism). The remains today consist of the base of a large stupa. The monastery was burned down by Harsha (1089-1101 CE) in the mistaken belief that a pretender to the local throne had taken refuge there.
The monastery is located to the south of the stupa and is of typical plan for Kashmiri Buddhist sites, including an entrance porch, verandah, main gate, inner courtyard, covered walkway, cells surrounding the courtyard, and a gathering hall opposite the main gate. In all, there are 26 cells.
Input by: Stewart Gordon 05 April 2015

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 13 Apr 2015

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Parihaspora monastery, IN.

General location of the Parihaspora monastery, IN.
Lat 34.1332 Long 74.6337
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=34.1332,74.5667&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Parihaspora monastery

2. Monastery's modern country

  • India:State of Jammu and Kashmir

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • Paraspora - Jasrotia (2012:58)
  • Raja-vihara of Lalitaditya - Jasrotia (2012:58)
  • Parihasapura - Stewart Gordon 05 April 2015

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 34.1332 Long 74.6337 - coordinates are based on those given in Jasrotia (2012:58) and identify a point close to traces of ruins of a number of rectangular, monastery-like structures - tmciolek, 7 Nov 2012

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

MBM chrono-tag 0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p - tmciolek 6 Feb 2014
0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p dated-x

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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