Phanigiri monastery, (near) Tirumalagiri, Andhra Pradesh, IN

Raw data

"Phanigiri is located 5 [should be 35 km - tmc] km from Suryapet. Excavations have unearthed extensive Buddhist relics of the 1st & 2nd century A.D. Over 25 Chaitya halls, Stupas, Viharas with thick brick walls can be seen here. Sculptured limestone speaks of a vividly expressive art."

"Phanigiri village (1't 25 E 79 29 N) [= a mangled set of coordinates, the E & N values are mislabelled, it should read 1't [=17]25 N 79 29 E - tmc, 26 Jul 2010] lies on the left bank ofthe rivulet Aleru, a tributary ofthe river Musi. The Buddhist site is located on hill-top about 150 feet high and is about 35 kms from Suryapet and 11 Okms from Hyderabad via Bhongir and Tirumalagiri. It is just 4kms from Tirumalagiri, the Mandai Headquarters in Nalgonda District. At present, the rivulet Aleru flows 2 kms away from the habitation in north- south direction.
          […] In Sanskrit, Phani means snake, Giri means hillock. The water tanks and rock cut cisterns on the hilltop and also tanks at the foot of the hillock not only served as the main water source for the inhabitants but also the rivulet Aleru or Bikkeru, which traversed nearby the monastic complex during the early centuries of Christian Era. It is one of the important Buddhist monasteries strategically located on the hill top, on ancient trade route connecting the west and the east Coast off the Deccan.
          To support and sustain the monastic establishment at Phangiri for a longer duration a cluster of early historic sites cropped up in close proximity Le., Vardhamanukota, Gajulabanda, Tirumalagiri, Nagaram, Singaram, Arvapalli, Iyyavaripalli, Arlagaddagudem, Yeleswaram etc. Of them, the sites located on north-south of Phanigiri namely Vardhamanukota, Gajulabanda, Arlagaddagudem and Tirumalagiri on the banks of the river Aleru are worth mentioning."

Suriapet, India Page
Other names: Suryapet,Suriāpet
World:India:State of Andhra Pradesh
Lat 17.1500 Long 79.6167

Input by: tmciolek, Jul 25, 2010

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 27 May 2015

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Phanigiri monastery, IN.

General location of the Phanigiri monastery, IN.
Lat 17.427622 Long 79.472332
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2010.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=17.427622,79.472332&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Phanigiri monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Andhra Pradesh

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • Panigiri Monastery - Singh (2007)

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 17.427622 Long 79.472332 - based visual identification of ruins on the snake-shaped Phanagiri hill in the satellite imagery, in - tmciolek, 26 Jul 2010.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

  • Tirumalagiri - Approx., Lat 17.4747 Long 79.4366 - est. from the placement of Tirumalagiri village in - tmciolek, 26 Jul 2010.

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

8. The settlement's coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 17.4747 Long 79.4366 - est. from the placement of Tirumalagiri in - tmciolek, 26 Jul 2010.

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag <=0200 - tmciolek 07 Mar 2014
<=0200 dated-e

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • archaeological

16. Additional notes

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

end of page

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License