Phra Maha That monastery, (in) Ligor, Nakhon Si Thammarat, TH

Raw data

"The Stupa of Phra Maha That, Nakhon Si Thammarat
The monastery is a remarkable architectural reminder of the artistic virtuosity of the southern Thai architects. The stupa, where the Buddha relics are housed, was built during the reign of King Si Thammasokarat in 555 A.D. when Nakhon Si Thammarat was first established. The structure is obviously influenced by the Singhalese art.
The bell element is an upturned round bowl standing on a rectangular platform and surrounded by a gallery-in ambulatory called Kamphaeng Kaeo. The space between the wall and the stupa forms a path, normally known as Lan Prataksin, surrounding the relic chedi. At the four corners of the square base stand another four smaller chedi, each housing a Buddha image in its niches.  At the top of this chedi is a spherical dew-drop."

Input by: tmciolek, Sep 1, 2010

"Nakhon Si Thammarat
[…] The city of Nakhon Si Thammarat is one of the oldest towns of southern Thailand. Its origins are not fully known. Most historians recognize the Tambralinga kingdom of Chinese records as a precursor of Nakhon Si Thammarat.
Wat Phra Mahathat Vihan (Thai […]) is the most important temple of Nakhon Si Thammarat and southern Thailand. It was constructed at the time of the founding of the town, and contains a tooth relic of Buddha. The 78 m high chedi is surrounded by 173 smaller ones. While the chedi is now in Sri Lankan style, it is said to be built on top of an earlier Srivijaya style chedi. The chedi completed a renovation in early 2009 and now appears like new.[…]
[city coords. Lat 8.436389, Long 99.963056]"

"Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Nakornsithammarat
 Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan is located on Ratchadamnoen Road in Tambon Nai Mueang. This is a royal temple of the first class. Formerly named Wat Phra Borom That, this is one of the most important historical sites in southern Thailand and in all of Thailand. According to the legend of Phra Borom That Nakhon Si Thammarat, Prince Thanakuman and Queen Hem Chala brought Buddha relics to Hat Sai Kaeo and built a small pagoda to mark the location. Later on, King Si-Thamma Sokarat established the city of Nakhon Si Thammarat and built a new pagoda. The present pagoda has a distinctive Sri Lankan style, measuring 55.78 metres high (measured by the Fine Arts Department during the renovation of the gold top in 1995). The height from the lotus base to the gold top is 6.80 metres. "

"Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, a 16 centuries old temple [= est. sometime in the 400s AD - tmciolek], built during the Srivijaya empire. One of Buddha’s teeth was brought here from Sri Lanka and it’s been serving as a spiritual foundation ever since.:
tmciolek, 13 Sep 2012

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 13 Sep 2012

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Phra Maha That monastery, TH.

General location of the Phra Maha That monastery, TH.
Lat 8.410994 Long 99.966043
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2010.

Google Map link:,%20TH)&ll=8.410994,99.966043&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Phra Maha That monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Thailand:Changwat Nakhon Si Thammarat

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 8.410994 Long 99.966043 - based on visual identification of the monastery in maps and satellite imagery in, tmciolek, 1 Sep 2010.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada
  • Mahayana - Desai (2005:16)
  • Mahayana - Kusalasaya (2006–2013).

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag 0533-66c - tmciolek 06 Jan 2013
  • 0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 06 Jan 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • architectural, stylistical

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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