Ravak monastery, (near) Hotan, Xinjiang, CN

Raw data

"Ancient Khotan was a collection of settlements surrounding the city of Khotan (see detailed map [http://idp.bl.uk/education/buddhism/khotanese/images/oasis.jpg]). Buddhist monasteries and temples associated with Khotan also existed further afield. Khotan remained Buddhist until, around the year 1000, it was taken by the Karakhanid Turks of Kashgar and Buddhism was replaced by Islam."

Ravak Vihara, Kotan
Input by: tmciolek, 24 Jan 2009

Hotan, China Page
Other names: Ho-tien-hsien, Ho-t'ien-chen, Khotan, Ho-t'ien
World:China:Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu
Latitude 37.0997 Longitude 79.9269

The Khotan area was under strong influence of the Mahayana tradition - Foltz (1999:39,48)

"The influence of Khotan was certainly considerable. A Tibetan text records how the king of Khotan converted the king of Kashgar to Buddhism (Emmerick, 1967, pp. 45ff.), but the Hinayana was mainly followed there, which suggests that its subsequent links were rather with the cities of the north. Such was the case also with Tumshuq, whose Buddhist monastery is thought to date from the 4th or 5th century a.d. (Hambis, 1964, p. 43; Pelliot, 1923, p. 59). We know nothing of its history, but the style of its artistic remains shows strong links with Qızıl in the Kuca region." [Cited literature: R. E. Emmerick, Tibetan Texts Concerning Khotan, London, 1967. L. Hambis, “Asia: Central,” in Encyclopaedia of World Art I, cols. 815-38. P. Pelliot, review of A. von Le Coq, Die buddhistische Spätantike in Mittel Asien, pt. 1, Berlin, 1922, in T’oung pao 22, 1923, pp. 57-59.] - Emeric (n.d.)

"Khotan/Yutian: The Indian tradition of Buddhism flourished in this city from the early period. For example, in the remains of the city a manuscript of the Dharmapada in Gãndhari transcribed in Kharosthi script around the second century CE was discovered. It is considered to be the oldest existing Buddhist manuscript. The king’s family escaped to Dunhuang during the surge of Islamic powers." (Kudara 2002a:99-100)

"Rewake (Rawak, Rewak) Stupa (7th century) 热瓦克佛塔: Luopu County, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region"

Input by: tmciolek, Mar 4, 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 09 Jul 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Ravak monastery, China.

General location of the Ravak monastery, China.
Lat 37.35876 Long 80.04982
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://maps.fallingrain.com), 2009.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 37.35876 Long 80.04982 - based on the visual identification Revake Fusi Relic site in maps, maps.google.com - tmciolek, 12 Jan 2011.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana - Foltz (1999:39,48)
  • Mahayana - Baumer (2003:46-47)

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag 0733-66p - tmciolek 09 Jul 2014
0733-66p 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99p 1000-32p dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

MBM chrono-tag 0967-99p 1000-32p - tmciolek 09 Jul 2014

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • archaeological

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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