Samadjna monastery, (towards) Hotan, Xinjiang, CN

Raw data

Samadjna Samgharama. Lit. Samadjna [lit. The Luminous Sage] Monastery. A vihara, 60 li West of Kustana. (Eitel 1888:140)
Input by: tmciolek, Mar 2, 2009

60 li = approx. 12 miles (with 1 li being 1/5th of a mile [see Wriggins 1996: 224] - tmciolek, Mar 17, 2009

Kustana [= Hotan, Khotan].

The Khotan area was under strong influence of the Mahayana tradition - Foltz (1999:39,48)

"The influence of Khotan was certainly considerable. A Tibetan text records how the king of Khotan converted the king of Kashgar to Buddhism (Emmerick, 1967, pp. 45ff.), but the Hinayana was mainly followed there, which suggests that its subsequent links were rather with the cities of the north. Such was the case also with Tumshuq, whose Buddhist monastery is thought to date from the 4th or 5th century a.d. (Hambis, 1964, p. 43; Pelliot, 1923, p. 59). We know nothing of its history, but the style of its artistic remains shows strong links with Qızıl in the Kuca region." [Cited literature: R. E. Emmerick, Tibetan Texts Concerning Khotan, London, 1967. L. Hambis, “Asia: Central,” in Encyclopaedia of World Art I, cols. 815-38. P. Pelliot, review of A. von Le Coq, Die buddhistische Spätantike in Mittel Asien, pt. 1, Berlin, 1922, in T’oung pao 22, 1923, pp. 57-59.] - Emeric (n.d.)

Input by: tmciolek, Mar 4, 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 12 Jul 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Samadjna monastery, China.

General location of the Samadjna monastery, China.
lat=37.0997 long=79.9269
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20CN)&ll=37.0997,79.9269&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Samadjna Samgharama (Eitel 1888:140)
  • Samadjna [lit. The Luminous Sage] Monastery (Eitel 1888:140)

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana - Foltz (1999:39,48)

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • scriptural

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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