Sana monastery, (near) Vankia, Gujarat, IN

Raw data

This monastery complex is located "16 miles N. of Una, one mile N. of Vankia and ten miles W. of Dedan, close to the Rupen River. It consists of 60 caves, all of the early unadorned Theravada style. Stylistically, these caves date to c. 100 CE, though there are no inscriptions to document the site. Sana apparently had no later Mahayana phase.
Src: India
Input by: Stewart Gordon, Aug 30, 2009

Vankia, India Page
Other names: Vānkia
World:India:State of Gujarat
Lat 21.9667 Long 71.3000

Dedan, India Page
Other names: Dedān
World:India:State of Gujarat
Lat 21.0500 Long 71.2833
Input by: tmciolek, Sep 1, 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 12 Jul 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Sana monastery, IN.

General location of the Sana monastery, IN.
lat=21.9899 long=71.2901
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=21.9899,71.2901&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Sana monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Gujarat

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., based on visual identification of the site in Lat 21.9899 Long 71.2901 - tmc, 1 Sep 2009.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • 100 CE

MBM chrono-tag: <=0200 - tmciolek 12  Jul 2014
<=0200 0200-32c 0233-66c 0267-99c 0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99c 0400-32c 0433-66c 0467-99c 0500-32c 0533-66c 0567-99p dated-xl

13. Date-late

  • not later than 600 CE

MBM chrono-tag: 0567-99p - tmciolek 12  Jul 2014

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • archaeology only

16. Additional notes

  • At its peak, perhaps 300 monks

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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