Sho monastery, (in) Gartog/Markham, Xizang, CN

Raw data

“The Martsang Kagyu is a tradition Tibetan Buddhism that was founded by His Holiness Chöjé Marpa Sherab Yeshe (1134–1203), based solely on the teachings of the Buddha’s sutras and tantras.
Born in East Tibet—Markham, Chöjé Marpa was chosen at age twenty to study at Sangphu the great monastic college of the Kadampa tradition in central Tibet. After five years he became a great scholar.
Afterwards, Chöjé Marpa spent five years with Phagmo Drupa Dorje Gyalpo (1110–1170), receiving and mastering the profound secret Kagyu teachings and the Lamdre teaching of the Sakyapa tradition, and became an exceptional practitioner in the highest level in Tibetan Buddhism. In 1167, at the age of thirty-three, Chöjé Marpa returned to Markham where he founded Tashi Sho monastery.” -

“Marpa Drubthob Sherab Sengé. This master also established Sho Monastery (Wyl. sho dgon) in Markham, East Tibet.”ü

“Chöjé Marpa Sherab Yeshé Tib. […], Wyl. chos rje smar pa shes rab ye shes) (1135-1203)[1] — one of Phagmodrupa Dorje Gyalpo's main disciples, and founder of the Martsang Kagyü lineage. He founded Sho Monastery (Wyl. sho dgon) in 1167, in Markham. This date can be considered as the founding date of the Martsang Kagyü lineage” -öjé_Marpa_Sherab_Yeshé

“Chöjé Marpa’s principal pupil was Drogön Rinchen (1170-1249), who in 1200 founded Tsomdo Monastery in Markham. He promulgated the teachings and practices of the Martsang Kagyu and had numerous pupils who were both foremost scholars and siddhas. […]
During the time of such lineage holders as Drogön Rinchen, Yeshe Gyaltsen, Changchub Drakpa, Sönam Yeshe, Rinchen Gyaltsen, and Könchok Gyaltsen, thousands of pupils from Tashi Sho and Tsomdo monasteries greatly benefited the teachings and beings in general. In 1639, a Mongolian army destroyed the Martsang Kagyu monasteries along with many other Tibetan monasteries. Although both monasteries were rebuilt, Dzungarian Mongols destroyed them again in 1718, from which the Martsang Kagyu entered a period of decline.”

Input by: tmciolek, Jan 18, 2013

Druptop Yeshe Tsekpa (1134-1194) - = Drubthob Yeshe Tsegpa or Yelpa Yeshe Tsegpa - tmciolek] “Back in his home region of Kham, he spent a few years going from place to place. […] in 1188 a patron made an offering of a monastery in the Nangchen (nang chen) realm that would be called Tana (rta rna), which means ‘Horse Ear,' where he gathered many students. At the time a fellow disciple of Pakmodrupa named Marpa (smar pa) [Marpa Sherab Yeshe (smar pa shes rab ye shes, 1135-1203), founder of the Martsang Kagyu school - ] was staying nearby at Sho (sho) Monastery. They met for discussions and exchanged teachings. […]”
Input by: tmciolek, Mar 01, 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 01 Mar 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Sho monastery, CN.

General location of the Sho monastery, CN.
Lat 29.67985 Long 98.59100
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2013.

Google Map link:,%20CN)&ll=29.67985,98.59100&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Sho monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xizang Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 29.67985 Long 98.59100 - based on visual identification of the possible ruins of the Sho monastery in satellite imagery, - tmciolek, 18 Jan 2013.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag 1167-99c - tmciolek 18 Jan 2013
  • 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 18 Jan 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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