Srughna monastery, (near) Jagadhri, Haryana, IN

Raw data

Xuanzang stayed at this site from November 635 to February 636 AD. He found 5 monasteries, all Hinayana, with 1000 monks. The site is modern-day Sugh in Harayana.
Src: IN
Input by: SG Jan 22 2009

the modern village of SUGH, near Jagadhri.

Jagadhri, India Page
Other names: Jagādhri
World:India:State of Haryana
Latitude 30.1667 Longitude 77.3000

"Xuanzang also mentions Sul-lu-Kina (Srugna) in Harsha's Kingdom, whose capital is deemed to be the present Sungaon. He found it in a dilapidated condition and makes no mention of its king. According to Xuanzang, there were five Buddhist monasteries in Srugna, which claimed more than a thousand Buddhist followers. Most of them were followers of the Hinayana sect and the followers of other Buddhist sects were very few in member. There were a hundred temples, and a large number of non-Buddhists also resided there."

"Sugh is a small village about 5 km from to the east of Jagadhri in Ambala District of Haryana. The ruins proposed that it was a naturally formed fortified place in a triangular form with large number of projecting citadels on all the three angles. It put on the important routes of northern India which connects the upper Punjab with the Gangetic valley via Ambala, Saharanpur and Meerut. Sugh has been recognized with Srughna by Cunningham.
In the 7th century the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang visited here. Gold, silver, copper, and iron are the metals discovered. The town fell into decline after the 12th century AD."
Input by: tmc Apr 16 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 18 Jul 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Srughna monastery, IN.

General location of the Srughna monastery, IN.
lat=30.1667 long=77.3000
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2009.

Google Map link:,%20IN)&ll=30.1667,77.3000&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Srughna monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • India:State of Haryana

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • 635 AD - SG Jan 22 2009

MBM chrono-tag 0633-66c - tmciolek 18 Jul 2014
0600-32p 0633-66c 0667-99p dated-x

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • pilgrim account

16. Additional notes

  • In 636 AD - five monasteries, 1,000 monks

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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