"198. Takht-i Rustam (Haibak)
Samangan Province. Two kilometers south of the center of Haibak.
Dates: Kushano-Sassanian, 4th-5th century AD (architectural evidence);
Ghaznavid & Seijuk, 11th-12th century (numismatic).
A stupa-monastery complex, all completely carved from the bedrock. The monastery consists of five chambers, two of them sanctuaries. One of them has a domed ceiling with an elaborate lotus leaf decoration. On an adjacent hill is the stupa, surmounted by a harmika, with several more rough caves around the base. A hoard of Ghaznavid coins was found by chance in one of the caves. Lat 36.25 Long 68.033333 "
- DoDLRMP and CEMML (2010:#198 Takht-i Rustam (Haibak))
"The town [Samangan or Aibak] sits just west of the main highway, with the road into town leading to the main square and bazaar. Takht-e Rostam is 3km to the southwest,"
"Takht e Rustam
Samangan Province, Afghanistan
[…] The Throne of Rustam, a king and hero from Persian mythology, is a round stone Buddhist hill temple with a cave monastery. Dating from the 4th and 5th centuries, it rose in three levels for the king (uppermost), his court (middle level) and commoners (ground level). There is a cave inside the hill and a square building on top. Outside there are two conference halls; one is 22 metres by 22 metres and the other is round."
[NOTE: The site of the monastery is not to be confused with the site of a settlement of Takht-e Rostam
Afghanistan:Velayat-e Farah Lat 32.1344 Long 61.9367 www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/06/Takhte_Rostam.html]
Input by: tmciolek, Jul 7, 2010
Final data (and their sources)
Last updated: 24 Mar 2011
Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.
General location of the Takht-i Rustam monastery, AF.
Lat 36.24597 Long 68.02119
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2010.
Google Map link:
1. Monastery's name
- Takht-i Rustam - DoDLRMP and CEMML (2010:#198 Takht-i Rustam (Haibak))
2. Monastery's modern country & province
- Afghanistan:Velayat-e Samangan
3. Monastery's alternative/historical names
- Takht e Rustam - http://www.culturalprofiles.net/afghanistan/Units/303.html
- Takht-e Rostam - http://www.lonelyplanet.com/ afghanistan/mazar-e-sharif-and-northeastern-afghanistan/samangan-aibak
- Takth i Raustam - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samangan_Province, citing page 157 of Willem Vogelsang. 2002. The Afghans. Published by Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 0631198415.
- Tahkti-Rustam - http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1928/
4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates
- Approx, Lat 36.24597 Long 68.02119 - based on the visaul identification of the site in satellite images, maps.google.com, tmciolek, 24 Mar 2011.
5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries
6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village
7. The settlement's alternative/historical names
- Eukratidia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samangan
- Eybak - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
- Samagan - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
- Samangān - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
- Aybak - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
- Aibak - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
- Haibak - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
- Āybak - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
- Haybak - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samangan_Province
8. The settlement's coordinates
- Approx. Lat 36.2653 Long 68.0167 - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AF/32/Samangan.html
9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition
- Theravada (judging by the place name Samangan) - Krishan (1996:56) cited in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahangaran
10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition
- [missing data]
- Kushano-Sassanian, 4th-5th century AD - DoDLRMP and CEMML (2010:#198 Takht-i Rustam (Haibak))
- The monastery was most probably destroyed by Hephthalites around 460 A.D.- http://mfa.gov.af/en/page/4200
- Ghaznavid & Seijuk, 11th-12th century - DoDLRMP and CEMML (2010:#198 Takht-i Rustam (Haibak))
14. Details of contacts with other monasteries
- [missing data]
15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery
- archaeological, architectural, numismatic evidence
16. Additional notes
- five chambers, two of them sanctuaries - DoDLRMP and CEMML (2010:#198 Takht-i Rustam (Haibak))
17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by
- [missing data]
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