Tham Roesi hermitage, (near) Ratchaburi, Ratchaburi, TH

Raw data

"Ratchaburi […] a glorious town during the Dvaravati period, is located on the bank of the Mae Klong River. […] It is located 80 kilometres west of Bangkok and borders on Myanmar to the west having the Tanaosi Range as a borderline. […]"

"The earliest known use of caves by Buddhists in Thailand dates back to at least the 6th to 7th centuries A.D. with Roesi, Fa Tho, Chin and Cham caves on Khao Ngu mountain, and Narai cave in Phra Puttha Bat district (Munier 1998:34)." (cited in Sponsel 2009).

Tham Roesi - "Tham Ruesi RB0007
47P 584005 1500813
Khao Ngu, Ko Phlapphla
Length: 30 m
Other names: Tham Rhishi; Tham Roesi
Located at the southern end of the Khao Ngu range, 7 km west of Ratchaburi.12|The Caves of Ratchaburi
The cave has a 3.65 m high bas-relief seated Buddha from the Dvaravati period that was carved in the 7th century by Sri Samadhigupta, the hermit of the cave. To the left of the cave a standing Buddha was carved during the Ayutthaya period, while several statues were brought in during the Bangkok period. The cave was discovered early in the 20th Century. […]" Ellis (2012)
Input by: tmciolek Oct 01 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 01 Oct 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Tham Roesi hermitage, TH.

General location of the Tham Roesi hermitage, TH.
Lat 13.57493 Long 99.77689
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2013.

Google Map link:,%20TH)&ll=13.57493,99.77689&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Tham Roesi hermitage

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • Thailand:Changwat Ratchaburi

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • Tham Ruesi - Ellis (2012)
  • Tham Rhishi - Ellis (2012)

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 13.57493 Long 99.77689 - based on visual identification of the Tham Ruesi site in maps/satellite imagery & Panoramio photographs, - tmciolek, 02 Oct 2013.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Theravada?

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • The cave was in use at least in the 6th to 7th centuries A.D, if not earlier (Munier 1998:34, cited in Sponsel 2009)

MBM chrono-tag 0500-32p 0533-66p 0567-99p 0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p - tmciolek 02 Oct 2013
0500-32p 0533-66p 0567-99p 0600-32p 0633-66p 0667-99p 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-ex

12. Date-intermediate

  • A statue of "Buddha was carved during the Ayutthaya period, while several statues were brought in during the Bangkok period." Ellis (2012) [Ayutthaya period - 1351 to 1767; Thonburi and Bangkok period - 1769 to 1932 - tmc]

MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 02 Oct 2013

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Known monks and nuns associated with this monastery

19. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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