Tianshan monastery, (towards) Hami, Xinjiang, CN

Raw data

“Tianshan Temple, the only temple on Tianshan (60kilometers south [should read NORTH - tmciolek, Apr 2013] of Kumul city), was built on a height of nearly 3000 meters. It was firstly built in Tang Dynasty, with a full name of Tianshan Temple of Lord Guan. The temple was constructed as a cuboid architecture: 12 meters long and 7meters wide. It took giant trees as pillars and blue brick as walls. There are three floors inside the temple and four vertical props enchased in the walls. There are only three wooden rooms and a broken stele left in the temple now. Near the temple is a small house, in which there are pieces of rock inscription of Han, Tang and Qing Dynasty. […]
Located on the critical path of the Silk Road, Tianshan Temple had a prosperous history during Han, Tang and Qing Dynasty.”

“Located in the the Hami northern days Peak, named Qing Qianlong 51 years (AD 1786) the construction of temple at the top in the Tianshan Mountains. Tianshan Highway Traffic Separation thus, came to a standstill, South to Nanshankou, north to the mouth of Siemens. Here altitude of more than 2700 m, cloud summit of Bird Road, the ancient eastern Tianshan Nanyang North Yin the only way. The temple was built before said black purple Ridge ". Fourteen years in the Tang Dynasty (640) Jun set-designate pacification Gao, march Fu Zongguan left Tuen Wei generals, Jiang OK in the production of Siege, things Holley Merits monument in the Tianshan range. Yuan and Ming dynasties known as the "wide and Rock Ridge (Mongolian: Monument Ridge). Tianshan Temple, the only three brick empty temple and a Duanbei. […] Visitors visitors stop here, and enjoy the fantastic views of some nature.” - http://www.mychinatravelguide.com/city-guide/2012-01-30/30852.html

“Tianshan Temple (formerly called Tianshan Guandi Temple) is located in east of Tianshan Mountain 60 kilometres away from Hami City and is a strategic place in nature. It is the "the throat" of ancient Silk Road from the new North Road leading to the Barkol in Hami. Before Tang it was called Black Ridge. In Yuan Ming Dynasty it was called Kuotushi Ridge. Tianshan Temple was built in Tang Dynasty and repaired in later dynasties. Now it is the structure of Qing Dynasty and one of the attractions in Hami.”

Input by: tmciolek, Apr 01, 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 01 Apr 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Tianshan monastery, CN.

General location of the Tianshan monastery, CN.
Lat 43.3085 Long 93.6642
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2013.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Tianshan monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 43.3085 Long 93.6642 - based on visual identification of the Tianshan monastery site in maps/satellite imagery, maps.google.com - tmciolek, 01 Apr 2013.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • [missing data]

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0633-66p - tmciolek 01 Apr 2013
  • 0633-66p 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • MBM chrono-tag: 1200=> - tmciolek 01 Apr 2013

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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