Topa Tim monastery, (towards) Kashgar, Xinjiang, CN

Raw data

“Topa-Tim, an ancient stupa that was 28 feet high when visited by Stein (1907: 79-80)”

Ruins of the Topa Tim monastery are situated few kms NE of mud-brick ruins of Khan-oi [Khanui] [Ruins of a large walled structure at approx. Lat 39.57296 Long 76.2877 - tmciolek, 14 Apr 2014] - Gollings (2008:148) []

“When to the east of this old site I had crossed the narrow belt of irrigated ground occupied by the hamlets of Mokuila and was passing once more over a barren scrub-covered Daslit, I sighted to the north-east the mound of which my Guma informants had spoken as Topa Tim. ‘ Tim ’ is the designation given to all ruined mounds about Kashgar, and as the one now within reach looked through my glasses much like an ancient Stupa, I made haste to reach it.[…][p. 187]
The Stupa, when at last reached, was a sight that cheered my archaeological heart. In size and proportion it closely resembled the Mauri Tim Stupa near Khanui. Though its exterior had suffered more decay, and an excavation on the top showed that it had not escaped the ravages of the " treasure-seeker," it still rose to a height of nearly 29 feet. Immediately around the Stupa I found the ground strewn with broken bits of ancient pottery, exactly as seen at Mokuila and on the great site subsequently traversed. So the conclusion seems justified that the habitations which these scanty remains indicate belonged, like the Stupa, to the Buddhist period. On the first attempt to reach Topa Tim on the other side of the ravine I had passed a débris-strewn area far more extensive than those seen before. Stretching to the north of the caravan route it seemed to cover fully three square miles. My guides called it the ' Tati ' of Kakshal. […]” [p. 188] - Stein (1903:187-188)
Input by: tmciolek, Apr 14, 2013

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 17 Apr 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Topa Tim monastery, CN.

General location of the Topa Tim monastery, CN.
Lat 39.60267 Long 76.32777
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2013.

Google Map link:,%20CN)&ll=39.60267,76.32777&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Topa Tim monastery - Gollings (2008:148)

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 39.60267 Long 76.32777 - based on visual identification of the probable Topa Tim site in satellite imagery, . The identification was guide by a description and a photograph in Gollings (2008:148) - tmciolek, date.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • Archaeological

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Known monks and nuns associated with this monastery

19. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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