Tsurphu Monastery, in the Tölung valley of central Tibet, founded by the First Karmapa Düsum Khyenpa (1110-1193).
"The First Karmapa, Düsum Khyenpa visited Tsurphu in 1159, at the age of fifty, and laid the foundation for the establishment of a seat there by making offerings to local protectors, just before he left for Kham, eastern Tibet.
In 1189, at the age of eighty, Düsum Khyenpa returned to Tsurphu and founded his main seat, known as the "earthly abode of the sacred place of the heart (or mind)", in the valley of Tölung in central part of Tibet. This monastery was to grow into a place in which over one thousand monks practiced. Since this time, Tsurphu has been the main seat of the successive manifestations of the line of the Karmapas, and of the Karma Kagyu lineage. […]"
"Tsupu Monastery, located in Ngagar Township, Doilungdeqen County west of Lhasa, has been the residence of the Living Buddha Garmaba for several generations. The Garma Gagyu is one of the four major sects of the Gagyu Sect of Tibetan Buddhism, and the monastery is representative of the Gagyu Sect. Built by the first Living Buddha Garmaba, Doisum Qenba, in 1189, this originally small monastery has evolved into a town of lamas and spreads across the mountain slope. […]
Tsupu Monastery sits at the foot of Baima Qoinzong Mountain, and there are mediation cells on the peaks flanking the monastery. The Duilungjiang stone tablet, erected during the period of the Tubo Kingdom, lies close to the monastery."
"Drive about 5 hours to Namtso Lake (245km to the north of Lhasa). On the way, drive into a valley to visit the Home monastery of Karma Kargyuelpa (The White Hat) — Chupu monastery."
"Drive to Namtso Lake from Lhasa city in the morning. On the way, pay a visit the HOME monastery of Garma Kargyuelpa order—Curpu monastery." - http://www.travel-the-real-china.com/index.php?id=89
"Tsurphu Monastery (also Tolung Tsurpu / sTod lung mTshur phu) is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery which served as the traditional seat of the Karmapa. It is located in Gurum town (rgu rum / Gǔróng Xiàng 古荣乡) of Doilungdêqên County in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, 70 km from Lhasa. The monastery is about 14,000 feet (4,300 m) above sea level. It was built in the middle of the valley facing south with high mountains surrounding the monastery complex.
Tsurphu is a 300-square-meter (3,200 sq ft) complex with walls up to 4 meters (13 ft) thick. The monastery or "gompa", the traditional seat of the Karmapa lamas, is about 28 km up the Dowo Lung Valley, on the north side of the river.
Tsurphu was founded by the first Karmapa, Düsum Khyenpa (1110-1193) in 1159, after he visited the site and laid the foundation for an establishment of a seat there by making offerings to the local protectors, dharmapala and genius loci. In 1189 he revisited the site and founded his main seat there. The monastery grew to hold 1000 monks." - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsurphu_Monastery
Input by: tmciolek, August 17, 2012
Final data (and their sources)
Last updated: 03 Jan 2013
Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.
General location of the Tsurphu monastery, CN.
Lat 29.7265 Long 90.5756
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2012.
Google Map link:
1. Monastery's name
- Tsurphu Monastery - http://www.kagyuoffice.org/kagyulineage.html
2. Monastery's modern country & province
- China:Xizang Zizhiqu
3. Monastery's alternative/historical names
- Chǔbù Sì (楚布寺) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsurphu_Monastery
- Chubusi - http://maps.google.com/
- Tsupu monastery - http://www.tibetmap.net/visits/xz/tsupu.htm
- Chupu monastery - http://www.discoveryangtze.com/china_tour/10-days-china-tour/10-days-tibet-tour-b.html
- Curpu monastery - http://www.travel-the-real-china.com/index.php?id=89
- Tolung Tsurpu (Tib. sTod lung mTshur phu) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsurphu_Monastery
- Tsurphuk Monastery - http://www.sherpajourneys.net/tsurphu_to_dorjelin_trek.php
4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates
- Approx., Lat 29.7265 Long 90.5756 - based on visual identification of the site in maps/satellite imagery, maps.google.com - tmciolek, 18 Aug 2012.
- Approx., Lat 29.7, Long 90.8 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsurphu_Monastery
5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries
- Tsur Lhalung monastery
6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village
- Marqu - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Marqu.html
- (Marqu, a place N. of Namka - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html)
7. The settlement's alternative/historical names
- Alternative names for Namka:
- Lang-ka - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Chai-mu-sha-erh - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Doilungdeqen - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Doilungdêqên - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Tun-lung-te-ch’ing - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Tui-lung-te-ch’ing - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Zamsar - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Ch'i-mu-sha-erh - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Chimshar - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Tui-lung-te-ch'ing - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Ch’i-mu-sha-erh - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Tun-lung-te-ch'ing - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
- Cha-mu-sa-erh - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
8. The settlement's coordinates
- Approx., Lat 29.8333 Long 90.7500 - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Marqu.html
- The other nearby settlement is Namka:
- Approx., Lat 29.6500 Long 90.9833 - http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Namka.html
9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition
10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition
- Founded in 1189 by Düsum Khyenpa - http://www.kagyuoffice.org/mainseats.tsurphu.html
- MBM chrono-tag 1167-99c - tmciolek 03 Jan 2013
- 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el
- [missing data]
- Totally destroyed in 1966 during the Cultural Revolution and since 1980 being rebuilt by the 16th Karmapa, Rangjung Rigpe Dorje - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsurphu_Monastery
- MBM chrono-tag 1200=> - tmciolek 03 Jan 2013
14. Details of contacts with other monasteries
- In the late 1100s “the abbot of the Buddhist monastery at Bodh Gaya [i.e. an abbot of one of the many Buddhist monasteries at the Bodh Gaya monastic cluster - tmc], in India, the place of the Buddha's enlightenment, sent a conch shell to Dusum Khyenpa [(1110–1193)] at Tsurphu [monastery], as a token of the latter's significance for buddhadharma.” - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Düsum_Khyenpa,_1st_Karmapa_Lama
15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery
16. Additional notes
- This monastery grew to have over 1,000 monks - http://www.kagyuoffice.org/mainseats.tsurphu.html
17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by
- [missing data]
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