Tung-shan monastery, (near) Huangmei, Hubei, CN

Raw data

"Feng-mu-shan (J. To-zan). Mount Feng-mu, a mountain in present day Hupeh [now Hubei 湖北 - tmc] , where Hung-jen [= Daman Hongren] (601-674), the Fifth Patriarch of Zen established his monastery. The mountain is popularly known as Tung-shan, or East Mountain." - Baroni (2002:89)

"Tao-hsin [= Dayi Daoxin] (580–651). A Chinese Ch'an monk traditionally regarded as the fourth patriarch of the school. He left home at an early age and studied with Ch'an's third patriarch Seng-ts'an (d. 606), attaining enlightenment and receiving his master's robe and bowl as a token of his transmission of the Dharma. […] He eventually settled on Shuangfeng (‘twin peak’) mountain in Huang-mei in modern Hupei province, where he gathered a community of practitioners, including the next patriarch Hung-jen (601–74) […]"

"Hung-jen (601–74). An early Ch'an monk revered as the fifth Chinese patriarch of the line established by the first patriarch Bodhidharma. He was the head of a large monastic community on Tung Shan (East Mountain) first established by the fourth patriarch Tao-hsin (580–651). […]"

Huangmei, China Page
Other names: Hwangmei-hsien,Hwangmei,Huang-mei-hsien
World:China:Hubei Sheng
Lat 30.0667 Long 115.9333

"Shuangfeng main mountain is composed by two 888 meters neighboring mountains, which is the highest mountain of Xiaogan City. […]
Shuangfeng mountain forest park is located in the south of the Dabie Mountain, and northeast of Xiaogan in Hubei Province, about 31 km away from the urban area of Xiaogan […] Self-drive lines: drive 6km from the East and West Lake toll stations (fee:RMB15 yuan), along Xiaogang direction of Beijing-Zhuhai highway, drive 64km to Zhouxiang exit (25 yuan for Xiaochang toll station), after exit, there’s three-way intersection, then turn right. After driving for 5 km, there’s a corner, another five kilometers along the corners, turn left on the next Three-way intersection, then drive for two kilometers, the case of the right fork in the road to one kilometer, after a fork, turn left for 2km to the gate of Shuangfeng mountain, about 85 km for total trip, and the traveling time about one hour and 40 minutes. […]"

"'East Mountain Teaching' denotes a school of Chan, often glossed "Northern School" by Western scholarship.[…] The term "East Mountain Teaching" (Chinese: dong shan fa men) is more culturally and historically appropriate. East Mountain gets its name from the East Mountain Temple on 'Shuangfeng' ("Twin Peaks") of Huangmei. The East Mountain Temple was on the easternmost peak of the two."

"The Sizu (Fourth Patriarch of the Chan Sect) temple was named Zhengjue or Shuangfeng in history. It was founded by Dao Xin, Fourth Patriarch of the Chan Sect, some 1,400 year ago in the Taping Mountain (known as Huangmei Mountain during the Song Dynasty) on the border of the Huangmei and Guangji counties in Hubei Province." Ling (2005:51)

"Sizu (Fourth Patriarch) Zen Temple. Also known as Shuangfeng (Double Peak) Temple, it is located at the foot of Mount Shuangfeng in Huangmei county of Hubei province. It was built by the Fourth Patriarch Daoxin in 624 on the foundation of the original Zhengjue Temple. Daoxin helped deblop Zen to a new stage by attaching equal importance to sitting in meditation and engaging in farm work. During its prime the temple had halls and pavilions inhabited by over 1,000 monks. It had trained over 100 eminent monks and the Fifth Patriarch Hongren was one of them." Asiapac Editorial (2006:206).

Input by: tmciolek, Aug 18, 2009

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 27 Jul 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Tung-shan monastery, CN.

General location of the Tung-shan monastery, CN.
lat=30.1188 long=115.7965
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2009.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Tung-shan monastery - Baroni (2002:89)

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Hubei Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • East Mountain Monastery - Baroni (2002:89)
  • Feng-mu-shan Monastery - Baroni (2002:89)
  • To-zan Monastery (Jap.) - Baroni (2002:89)
  • The East Mountain Temple - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Mountain_Teaching
  • Sizu (Fourth Patriarch) Zen Temple - Asiapac Editorial (2006:206)
  • Shuangfeng (Double Peak) Temple - Asiapac Editorial (2006:206)
  • Zhengjue Temple - Ling (2005:51)

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 30.1188 Long 115.7965 - visual identification of the Tung-shan monastery in maps.google.com, tmciolek 19 Aug 2009.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • Chan/Zen (Northern School or the East Mountain Teaching school)

11. Date-early

  • Est. 624 AD - Asiapac Editorial (2006:206).

MBM chrono-tag 0600-32c - tmciolek 27 Jul 2014
0600-32c 0633-66p dated-e

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

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