Yun-hua-2 monastery, (near) Xi'an, Shaanxi, CN

Raw data

"Zhan Ziqian (fl Sui dynasty, AD 581-618). Chinese painter. After the defeat of the Northern Zhou (557-81), he was summoned to Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi Province) by the victorious new emperor, Wendi (reg 582-604). […] Zhan Ziqian was among the best of the artists who traversed the land to the growing numbers of Buddhist monasteries and temples, producing wall paintings for Guangming si, Lingbao si and Yunhua si in Luoyang (Henan Province) and [Yunhua si] Chang'an, for Dongan si in Jiangdu (now Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province) and for other temples in western Zhejiang Province. Tang period (AD 618-907) writers recalled Zhan's wall painting Eight Kings Dividing the Shari (Skt sarira, the relics of a Buddha after cremation), a popular theme in Buddhist painting during the Sui period, at the Chan Buddhist monastery Longxing si in Chengdu, Sichuan Province."

"Fazang was a son of Mi, a high-ranking army officer in the Tang dynasty. When he was sixteen years old he burned off one of his fingers as an offering to the Buddha before an Aśoka stupa [in Famen monastery - tmciolek] in which relics of the Buddha were enshrined. After seeking without success for a satisfactory teacher, he entered Mount Taibei, where he studied Mahayana Buddhism in seclusion. Some years later, hearing that his parents were ill, he returned home to Chang'an, where Zhiyan (later reckoned the second Huayan patriarch) was lecturing on the Huayan jing (Mahāvaipulya-buddhagaṇḍavyūha Sūtra) at the Yunhua Si. […] Subsequent to this encounter, Fazang became Zhiyan's disciple. In 668, when his master Zhiyan passed away, Fazang was still a layman. When he was twenty-eight, Empress Wu Zetian built a new temple named Taiyuan Si in memory of her mother, Yongguo."

"After the new portion of the Hua Yan Sutra was completed, the emperor felt it was necessary to write another commentary so readers could understand it better. Cheng Guan [= or Ching-liang (738–839) ] was more than happy to shoulder the task. The emperor asked him to stay in Cao Tang Temple, a few miles outside the capital, to carry out the work. The emperor also ordered that the master be completely undisturbed.
After the work was completed and presented to the emperor, Cheng Guan requested that he be allowed to live in Yun Hua Temple on Mount Zhongnan, south of the capital."

Cheng Guan quickly agreed to take Zong Mi [宗密] as his disciple, and he wrote and invited him to Yun Hua Monastery. […] In the spring of 812, he [Zong Mi] met Cheng Guan in Changan and began studying with him.

Input by: tmciolek, Oct 29, 2012

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 2 Nov 2012

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Yun-hua-2 monastery, CN.

General location of the Yun-hua-2 monastery, CN.
Lat 34.2622 Long 108.9378
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (, 2012.

Google Map link:,%20CN)&ll=34.2622,108.9378&spn=05.0,05.0&t=k&hl=en

Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Yun-hua-2 monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Shaanxi Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0600-32c - tmciolek 13 Dec 2012
  • 0567-99p 0600-32c 0633-66p dated-x

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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