Yuquan monastery, (near) Dangyang, Hubei, CN

Raw data

The iron pagoda of Yuquan Monastery 玉泉寺 in Dangyang 當陽/Hubei, is slightly pending over its center of gravity
Input by: tmciolek, Dec 15, 2009

"[S]ometime around 665-668, Shenxiu was banished by the emperor and remained incognito for ten years, returning to public notice between 676-679.[6] He initially took up residence at the Jade Spring Monastery (Yuquan Si 玉泉寺) but soon was one built for him, the Monastery of the Six Perfections (Dumen Si 度門寺廟) where spent the next quarter century."
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuquan_Shenxiu

"Jade Spring Monastery (Yu-Chuan Ssu): Originally called the Temple of the Single Sound (I-Yin Ssu), founded by Chih-I in 591 CE. Prefecture of Thorns: Ching-Chou, in Hupei province" - http://www.tientai.net/lit/mksk/v1/v1p1-1p1.htm

Input by: tmciolek, Mar 05, 2013

"The Yuquan Temple 玉泉寺 is located at the east piedmont of Yuquan Mountain in Dangyang County 当阳, Hubei Province. Known as the King of the Jingchu Buddhist temple, it is one of the earliest Buddhist temples in China. During the Jian'an reign (196-219) of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), eminent monk Pujing set up a hut. Emperor Liangxuandi of the Southern Dynasty Period (420-589) built Fuchuan Mountain Temple here. A famous monk named Zhiyi gave lectures here in the Kaihuang reign of the Sui Dynasty (581-618). From then on, the temple was named Yuquan Temple.
The Yuquan Temple, the Guoqing Temple in Zhejiang Province, the Lingyan Temple in Shandong Province and the Qixia Temple in Jiangsu Province are collectively called Four Masterpieces of Buddhist Temples. Master Fatian expanded the temple in the Zhenguan reign (627-649) of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). During the Tianxi reign (1017-1021) of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Empress Mingsu believed in Buddhism and went in for a large-scale construction. Temple had 9 buildings, 18 halls and 3,700 monks at that time. It was repaired in the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The main halls that can be seen today are the Tianwang Hall, the Great Hall, the Pilu Hall, the Pilu Shangfang, the Eastern Hall, the Western Hall, the Banzhou Hall and the Sutra Storing Building.
The Great Hall was first built in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), […] The Yuquan Iron Pagoda, also called Buddhist Tooth and Relics Pagoda, lies on the hillock in front of the Yuquan Temple. According to the record of the inscription on the pagoda body, the pagoda was originally named Buddhist Tooth and Relics Pagoda and was cast on August 15 in the sixth year (1061) of the Jiayou reign of the Song Dynasty. The body and the base of the pagoda are 22 meters in total height. "

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 05 Aug 2013

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 200 m from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Yuquan monastery, CN.

General location of the Yuquan monastery, CN.
Lat 30.7849 Long 111.6857
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2009.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Yuquan Monastery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Hubei Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx., Lat 30.7849 Long 111.6857 - visual identification of the site in maps.google.com- tmciolek, 28 Dec 2009

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag: 0533-66c - tmciolek 06 Mar 2013
0533-66c 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

MBM chrono-tag: 0567-99c - tmciolek 06 Mar 2013

MBM chrono-tag: 0667-99c - tmciolek 06 Mar 2013

13. Date-late

MBM chrono-tag: 1200=> - tmciolek 05 Aug 2013

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Known monks and nuns associated with this monastery

19. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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