Yutian monastic cluster, (near) Hotan, Xinjiang, CN

Raw data

In the spring of 644 A.D., when Xiangzang reached Shule by way of Congling (Now Pamir Plateau), he did a lot of copy work.
In the meantime, Xuanzang found that everyone in Shule state [= Kashi/Kashgar] believed in power of Buddha and there were hundreds of temples and thousands of Buddhists, while other Buddhist cultural centers such as Yutian [= Keriya & Khotan oasis] and Qiuci [= Kuqa/Kucha] only had nearly a hundred temples and much less Buddhists. It can be said that the Buddhism Undertaking in Shule was the most prosperous in western regions at that time.
Buddhism in Shule Kingdom reached its peak at the end of 7th century and began to decline at the beginning of the 8th century. In 727 A.D., after monk Huichao from Korea had an investigation over Buddhism in Shule, he recorded Qiuci and Yutian as “have adequate temple and monks”, namely there were a large number of monks and temples. It indicated that the Buddhism Undertaking were prosperous in the two places. " - Kashgar Prefecture (2005).

"The Kingdom of Yutian 于寘 (modern Khotan or Hetian) - 1. Yutian 于寘 [Yü-t'ien] = Khotan. The identification of the ancient name of Yutian with the Khotan oasis has long been confidently established – the evidence from the ancient histories is overwhelming."

Keriya County - […] (Redirected from Yutian County, Xinjiang)

Input by: tmciolek, Nov 08, 2012

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 01 Aug 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Yutian monastic cluster, CN.

General location of the Yutian monastic cluster, CN.
Lat 37.0053 Long 80.8047
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2012.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Yutian monastic cluster

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

  • [missing data]

6. Modern name of the known nearest cities, towns, or villages

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • The Khotan area was under strong influence of the Mahayana tradition - Foltz (1999:39,48)

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

  • [missing data]

12. Date-intermediate

  • Visited in 644 by ven.Xuanzang - Kashgar Prefecture (2005).
  • Visited in 727 by ven.Huichao-1 - Kashgar Prefecture (2005).

MBM chrono-tag: 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c - tmciolek 01 Aug 2014
0600-32p 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66p dated-xx

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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