Zhixiang monastery, (towards) Xi'an, Shaanxi, CN

Raw data

"Chigon 智儼 Ch. Chih-yen (602-668); the second patriarch of the Chinese Kegon school […] Dwelling at Shih-hsiang Temple 至相寺 (Shisoji) on Mt. Chung-nan 終南山 (Shunanzan) […] he propagated the Garland teaching […]"

Chih hsiang ssu = Zhixiang si - www.orientaloutpost.com/dictionary.php?q=相&t=chars&pg=8

"141 Mt. Zhongnan (Zhongnanshan: 終南山), height 2604 meters, is also called Mt. Nan (Nanshan: 南山) and is located forty kilometers south of Xi’an (西安) (former Chang’an: 長安), the capital of Shaanxi Province (陝西省) in China. It is located in the middle of the Qinling Mountains, which run from east to west, […]
Zhixiangsi (至相寺) was located on Mt. Zhongnan in Chang’an district (present-day Xi’an, Shaanxi Province in China) and is said to have been established in the Sui dynasty by Qingyuan. In recent years it has been restored and is now a large-scale Buddhist monastery."

[An automated translation from Chinese:]
"To the Phase Temple [至相寺], also known as Kokuseiji, is located in Xi'an, about 30 kilometers south Zhongnanshan emperor valley, is the birthplace of the Buddhist Huayan cases in China. The terrain Xiong Wei, shape, such as turtles, are Xu, slow flat; under Baiquan convergence. Top monastery in Turtle ride west to east, condescending vision. After Longbei according to projections of the left front on the stand of the hump; Forest first, right Pro Fuhu. […] The afar Oriental mountains, range upon range of mountains; north overlooking the fertile fields of Qinchuan vivid.
According to the Continued Biographies of Eminent Monks Puan biography upload, Zhou suppression method (574), Puan western slope habitat hidden Zhongnanshan of Lu Tze Valley (today's sub-valley), deep in the woods since Bailey ",[…] But the initial matter to the Temple in into valley of Lu Tze Valley, fast-flowing inconvenience Jing Yuan division monk Ling Yu "Edict called up toward the gap diameter cast Yuan Temple, Emperor letter again (text) measures for shifting mountain road. "the margin Buxi southern slope Fu said the blessed land, non-unique the Hill congregation phase continued, and also wishes without loss." Yuan that obey relocated to this temple site. In deducing the history, the monastery was founded when in Emperor Wen Kai Huang fifteen years (596).
To Phase Temple since it was created, namely "Sutra" by Jing Yuan, Pu, Chi-positive, the Huayan early Zudu Shun, the two ancestral Chi Yan, the three ancestral Act Tibetan Haidong Kegon early Zuyi Xiang Xi Chuan. The most notably Huayan progenitor Chi Yan Masters."

Input by: tmciolek, Oct 28, 2012

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 28 Oct 2012

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 20 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Zhixiang monastery, CN.

General location of the Zhixiang monastery, CN.
Lat 33.970 Long 109.064
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2012.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Shaanxi Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • None of the variations of the name of the Zhixiang monastery/temple (至相寺) can be found in the available online electronic maps. Therefore, I assume arbitrarily that the monastery is situated in the river valley heading towards the Zhongnan mountain, not far from the settlement called "Yan Bridge Goumen." Therefeore, the approx. coordinates are, Lat 33.970 Long 109.064 - based on the rough visual identification of the locality in maps/terrain, maps.google.com - tmciolek, 28 Oct 2012.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

11. Date-early

  • MBM chrono-tag: 0567-99c - tmciolek 13 Dec 2012
  • 0567-99c 0600-32c 0633-66c 0667-99c 0700-32c 0733-66c 0767-99c 0800-32c 0833-66c 0867-99c 0900-32c 0933-66c 0967-99c 1000-32c 1033-66c 1067-99c 1100-32c 1133-66c 1167-99c 1200=> dated-el

12. Date-intermediate

  • [missing data]

13. Date-late

  • MBM chrono-tag: 1200=> - tmciolek 28 Oct 2012

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

  • [missing data] (incl. details of the size of the monastic population)

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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