Zhulin-4 nunnery, (near) Luoyang, Henang, CN

Raw data

During the Jin dynasty (313 - 316), nun Jingjian built the Zhuilin Temple [should read Zhulin Temple - tmc] at the west side of Luoyang. This temple is considered one of the first nunneries in the Chinese Buddhist history.

"The bhikshuni sangha in China began with Bhikshuni Jing-Jian who resided in Zhu Lin Temple in Luoyang. She first received ten precepts from Bhikshu Zhishan who was from western China. In the first year of the Sheng Ping era, 357 AD, in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, a foreign bhikshu named Tan Mo Jie Duo gave the bhikshuni ordination to Jing-Jian and other women. Since there were no foreign bhikshunis in China at that time, the ordination was given by the bhikshu sangha alone (single sangha ordination)." Ben YIN (n.d.:1)
Input by: tmciolek Aug 07 2014

Final data (and their sources)

Last updated: 07 Aug 2014

Lat/Long coordinates' accuracy:
The monastery in question is assumed to be situated actually no farther than 2 km from the point defined by the coordinates below.

Location of Zhulin-4 nunnery, CN.

General location of the Zhulin-4 nunnery, CN.
lat=34.6239 long=112.4270
Mapping & images: Falling Rain Genomics (http://www.fallingrain.com), 2013.

Google Map link:


Final data - explanatory notes

1. Monastery's name

  • Zhulin-4 nunnery

2. Monastery's modern country & province

  • China:Henan Sheng

3. Monastery's alternative/historical names

  • [missing data]

4. Monastery's lat/long coordinates

  • Approx. Lat 34.6239 Long 112.4270 - based on visual identification of the probable site in maps/satellite imagery, maps.google.com - tmciolek, 07 Aug 2014.

5. Other known nearby Buddhist monasteries

6. Modern name of the known nearest city, town, or village

7. The settlement's alternative/historical names

8. The settlement's coordinates

9. Monastery's major Buddhist tradition

  • Mahayana

10. Monastery's Buddhist sub-tradition

  • [missing data]

11. Date-early

MBM chrono-tag 0300-32c - tmciolek 07 Aug 2014
0300-32c 0333-66c 0367-99p dated-ex

12. Date-intermediate

  • The inference is that the nunnery was active in 357 AD - Ben YIN (n.d.:1)

MBM chrono-tag 0333-66c - tmciolek 07 Aug 2014

13. Date-late

  • [missing data]

14. Details of contacts with other monasteries

  • [missing data]

15. Type of evidence regarding the monastery

  • [missing data]

16. Additional notes

17. Corrections & addenda to this page were kindly provided by

  • [missing data]

18. Known monks and nuns associated with this monastery

19. Available Printed Literature

  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 1]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 2]
  • [bibliographical details of the Book/Article 3]

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